• Index 1986-2013
  • Blood Transfusions

BLOOD TRANSFUSIONS

(Note centered headings below: Bible View; Legal Aspects; Quotations)

alternatives: g00 1/8 8-9; g99 3/8 19-20; g99 8/22 31; w91 6/15 11-12; hb 13-16, 28; rs 73-74

bloodless medicine: g 8/06 12; w01 3/1 32; g01 4/8 29; g00 1/8 3, 7-11; g00 8/22 30; g99 3/8 19-20; g98 12/8 18-21

chart: g91 11/22 10

erythropoietin (EPO): g96 11/8 30; g95 12/22 26-27; w94 10/1 31; g94 1/8 28; g93 11/22 24, 26; g92 10/22 13-14; g91 8/22 15; hb 15; g90 10/22 13

hemoglobin-based oxygen carriers: g 8/06 11; km 11/06 5

hyperbaric oxygen therapy: g92 10/8 20; g88 4/22 12-13

iron dextran (Imferon): g92 10/22 13-14

iron supplements for malaria-induced anemia: g90 5/22 29

one’s own blood salvaged during surgery: g90 10/22 13; w89 3/1 31

oxygen-carrying substitutes: g99 4/22 27; g90 10/22 13

perfluorocarbons: g99 3/8 19-20

phototherapy for jaundice: yb91 37; g89 10/22 13-14

plasma substitutes: hb 14-15; g90 10/22 13; g88 8/8 19

platelet growth stimulants: g99 3/8 19

right to choose: hb 17-22

specialists meet to consider (1995, U.S.): w96 8/15 32

surgical techniques: g98 2/22 20-21; g98 12/8 20; w96 3/15 31; g96 1/22 31; hb 15

video No Blood—Medicine Meets the Challenge: yb02 22-23; km 6/01 7

video Transfusion-Alternative Health Care—Meeting Patient Needs and Rights: yb02 22

video Transfusion-Alternative Strategies—Simple, Safe, Effective: g 8/06 8-9; yb02 21-22; yb01 20

anemia correction: g90 10/22 12-13

answering “accept blood or die”: g90 5/22 14

article reprints:

New York State Journal of Medicine: hb 30-31; g89 2/22 26-27

The Journal of the American Medical Association: hb 27-29

avoiding: g00 1/8 11; km 9/99 7; jv 185-186; km 11/90 3-6; km 11/87 3

during childbirth: g 11/09 28-29

for children: km 9/92 3-6; w91 6/15 15-18

getting help when threatened with: km 11/90 5

blood banks sued for infections: w90 7/15 30; g89 5/22 28; g89 12/8 31

Brazil:

alternatives found successful: g94 1/8 28

campaign with Blood booklet: yb97 147

International Convention on Blood Transfusion (1992): yb97 186-187

patients’ rights upheld: w98 3/1 29

Bulgaria:

seminar on alternatives: g98 11/22 29

Canada:

government inquiry on safety of blood system: g95 5/22 28-29; g95 6/8 20-22

increase in refusal of blood: g98 9/22 31

chart “Preventing and Controlling Hemorrhage Without Blood Transfusion”: g91 11/22 10

conscience of patient paramount: g89 2/22 26-27

cost: g98 8/22 11

dangers: g 7/08 30; g 8/06 5-7; g02 2/22 28-29; g94 5/22 13; w91 6/15 10-11; hb 7-12; g90 10/22 7-11; g90 12/8 29; rs 73; w86 4/15 26-27

ad in New York City newspapers (1998): g99 4/8 28

AIDS: g 6/08 21; g00 1/8 6; g00 5/8 31; g97 12/22 29; g95 3/22 29; g95 6/8 20; g95 10/22 28; g92 1/22 28; g92 8/8 6; g92 12/8 31; hb 11-12; g90 2/8 28; g90 2/22 31; g90 4/8 28; g90 5/22 29; g90 6/22 31; g90 8/22 28; g90 10/22 7-11; g89 9/8 28; g88 1/22 30; g88 4/8 31; g88 4/22 29; g88 10/8 11, 13-14, 29; g88 11/22 29; w87 6/15 21; g87 8/8 30; w86 9/1 26; w86 9/15 26; g86 3/22 16; g86 4/22 6-7, 9; g86 5/8 18-20; g86 7/8 30; g86 8/22 30

bacterial infection: g95 10/22 28

blood from prisoners: g93 6/22 28

Chagas’ disease: g05 10/22 28; g94 10/8 28; g93 1/8 28; g93 7/8 28; g92 11/22 13; hb 11; g89 9/22 28-29

contaminated blood not reported: w90 10/15 21

cytomegalovirus: hb 9

delayed hemolytic reaction: g03 12/8 12

disease transmission: g00 10/22 28-29; g99 6/22 31; hb 9-12

doctors testify to: g 8/06 6-7; w91 6/15 32; g91 11/22 28; hb 7-13, 19; g88 5/8 29; w87 1/15 23; w86 4/15 26-27

family blood no safer: g93 5/8 28; g92 11/8 29

for cancer patients: g03 12/8 13; g94 4/8 8; hb 8-9; g90 10/22 11; w87 1/15 23

for heart patients: g 1/09 30; g05 9/8 28-29

fungus contamination: g87 4/8 29

government inquiry (Canada): g95 5/22 28-29; g95 6/8 20-22

GVHD (graft-versus-host disease): g92 11/8 29

hemolytic reactions: hb 8

hepatitis: hb 10; g90 10/22 9; w88 4/15 19

hepatitis B: g00 1/8 6; g90 4/22 28

hepatitis C (non-A non-B): g05 8/22 28-29; g00 1/8 6; g00 4/22 29; g98 5/8 28; g98 12/8 18; g95 6/8 21; g93 10/8 29; g92 6/22 29; g91 10/22 29; g90 1/8 29; g88 10/8 14; g87 7/22 29-30; g87 8/8 31; w86 4/15 26

hepatitis G: g98 12/8 18-19; g97 8/8 28

HTLV-1 virus: g94 1/22 28; g87 7/8 30

immune system suppressed: hb 8-9; g90 10/22 9, 11; g90 11/22 12

in cases of gastrointestinal hemorrhage: hb 23

infection susceptibility: w91 6/15 10; hb 9

lung injury (TRALI): g 8/06 7; g03 3/8 28

malaria: g90 12/8 29

“most dangerous substance”: g94 5/22 13; w90 7/15 30; hb 19; g90 10/22 8-9

prions for Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (mad cow): g 2/06 30

recommendation of U.S. National Institutes of Health panel: g88 10/8 29

report in Sunday Telegraph: g95 7/22 29

syphilis: g90 12/8 29

too toxic for FDA to approve as a drug (quote): g90 10/22 13

transfusion transmitted virus (TTV): g99 2/22 29

TT virus: g00 6/8 29

unsafe blood (Philippines): g95 1/22 28

virus awakening: g88 5/8 29

virus transmission: g88 5/8 29

wrong blood type: w86 4/15 27

death attributed to refusal of:

due to refusal to treat Witness patients: g90 10/22 12; g90 11/22 24

deaths resulting from: jv 184; g90 10/22 7-9

actor Danny Kaye: g87 7/22 29-30

AIDS: g90 10/22 7-8

children in Zaire: g90 5/22 29

three-year-old Samuel Kushnick: g86 5/8 18-20

United States: g87 8/8 31

discussion: g 8/06 3-12

doctors comment on bloodless medicine: w01 6/1 20-21; g00 1/8 7, 10

doctors critical of: g 8/06 6-7; w04 5/1 24, 26; g99 8/22 31

doctors order because of peer pressure: g91 1/8 24

doctors respecting Witness stand: yb08 223; g 9/07 30; w01 6/1 20; yb01 212; g00 1/8 3; g98 12/8 19-20; yb96 23

doctors’ views on Witness cases: hb 29

impressed by steadfast faith: hb 23; g86 5/8 28

letter from and reply to doctor from France: g90 4/22 30

member of medical board for national hospital in Western Samoa: yb90 11

risk versus benefits: w93 10/15 32

experiences:

30 family members eventually accept truth: w88 4/1 27

94-year-old sister successfully resists: w93 6/15 19

amputation of leg after truck accident: g94 1/22 21, 23

automobile accident (Spain): g00 5/8 12-13

boys with leukemia: w08 10/1 30-31; w96 2/1 15; g95 1/22 11-15; g94 5/22 3-8

brain hemorrhage: w92 9/1 29-30

brain surgery: g90 4/22 21-24

Cook, Wyndham (South Africa): g93 6/22 32; g92 10/22 15-16; g91 8/22 13-15

court callous in dealing with 17-year-old: g94 5/22 11-12

cruelty turns to amazement: yb93 167-169

die during or after forced transfusions: yb07 210-211; jv 184

doctor impressed by results of no blood: w03 5/1 13

doctor learns truth: yb98 74-75

doctor’s life story “I Accepted God’s View of Blood”: g04 9/22 30; g03 12/8 12-15

dropping blood count: yb12 155-156

elder alone survives: w95 9/15 24

family escapes doctors’ attempts: g89 10/22 11-15

girl nearly dies from hepatitis: g87 8/8 31

girl refuses after truck accident: yb89 238-240

girl refuses during terminal illness: g87 10/22 17-20

girls with leukemia: w95 1/15 6-7; w94 7/1 29-31; g94 5/22 9-10, 12-15

girl with cancer refuses: g90 10/22 22

girl with Fallopian tumor: g94 5/8 12-14

girl with lupus: g95 2/22 20-22

girl with perforated intestine: yb93 169-170

girl with sickle-cell anemia refuses: yb90 43-45

hemophiliacs succeed without: g95 6/8 21-22; g87 6/22 23-24

hospital patients pose as Witnesses: g86 11/8 29-30

hyperbaric oxygen therapy: g92 10/8 20-21

instructor of Hospital Liaison Committees: g92 10/22 12-15

Korean doctors led by Creation book to respect Witness stand: yb87 54

Lunsford, Casey (U.S.): g90 10/8 31

malpractice, not refusal of blood, found to be cause of death: w96 2/1 15

nine-year-old with leukemia: yb91 244-245

premature baby spared of AIDS: g90 2/22 31

reasoning with doctor: yb89 57-58

resisting blood transfusion: yb87 100-102

schoolgirl explains stand on blood: w05 3/15 18

surgeon’s badgering: g92 1/8 11-12

surgery and hospital food: yb93 139-140

Suzuki, Dai (Japan): g86 1/8 22-23

video on blood impresses schoolteacher: g04 9/8 13

Witness doctor: g00 8/22 13-14

Witnesses persecuted: jv 184

Witness reverses opinion of class: w88 1/1 19

Witness stand presented at conference in Tonga: yb90 11

Witness wins respect of nurses: w04 6/15 28

Witness youths respected by judges: w91 6/15 17

Witness youth unable to answer questions: w91 6/15 16-17

handbook Family Care and Medical Management for Jehovah’s Witnesses: yb96 23-24

hemoglobin level: hb 13-14; g90 10/22 12

infants: hb 14

history: g00 1/8 4-6; hb 6; g86 9/8 26-27

hospitals respecting Witness stand: g00 1/8 9; g99 3/8 20; g98 12/8 19; g97 2/8 29; yb96 23; g96 1/22 31; yb93 19, 21-23

Ageo Kosei Hospital, Japan: g92 11/8 31

Buchun Sejong Hospital, Korea: yb88 30-31

Cardio-Surgical Clinic in Zabrze, Poland: w93 11/1 6

Cooper Hospital-University Medical Center, Camden, New Jersey, U.S.A.: w95 8/1 30

Englewood Hospital, New Jersey, U.S.A.: g98 8/22 10

National Heart Hospital, London, England: g86 4/8 19-20

Shin-Tokyo Hospital, Japan: yb98 141

Tokyo Women’s Medical College: w96 3/15 31

University Hospital, Denver, Colorado, U.S.A.: g93 1/22 21

University Hospital, Newark, New Jersey, U.S.A.: g98 8/22 10-11

Italy:

blood scandal: g96 2/8 29

Japan:

campaign to educate media and doctors on Witness position (1990): yb98 140-141

supreme court prohibits forced blood transfusions (2000): g00 9/22 28

Jewish view: g86 9/8 25

management without: g01 1/22 30

beta-thalassemia (Cooley’s anemia): g01 1/8 20-22

medical ethics: w97 2/15 19-20

no medical standard: g00 1/8 6

Norway:

25th Congress of the International Society of Blood Transfusion (1998): g99 3/8 19-20

number unnecessary per year: g90 10/22 12

recoveries without:

accident victim: yb91 36-37

acute lymphoblastic leukemia (baby): w01 4/15 14-16

acute promyelocytic leukemia: g01 4/22 30; g00 8/22 20-21

amputation of leg: g97 4/22 21-23; g96 6/22 26-27; g94 1/22 21, 23

anemic baby with meningitis: yb91 37

babies having heart surgery: g 6/11 14-15; g86 4/8 18-21

bleeding ulcer: w01 2/1 31

bomb victim: g92 1/8 11-13

brain surgery: w96 3/15 31; g90 4/22 21-24

cancer under eye: g91 3/8 13

critically low hemoglobin, hematocrit: g98 8/22 10; g95 2/22 20-22; g95 12/22 25-27; g92 10/8 20-21; g92 10/22 12-15; yb91 36-37; hb 14-15; g88 4/22 11-15

explosion victim: yb88 242-243

extrauterine pregnancy: yb93 139-140

four-year-old struck by car: w88 4/1 27

girl crushed by truck: yb89 238-240

girl with sickle-cell anemia operated on repeatedly: yb90 43-45

growth on spleen: g91 3/8 13

heart surgery in boy: g00 6/22 30

heart surgery in four-year-old: g95 1/22 31

heart surgery in seven-year-old: g00 3/22 23

heart transplant in three-year-old: g94 5/22 7

inflammatory bowel disease: g94 5/22 11-12

internal bleeding: g98 8/22 10; g95 12/22 25-27; g92 10/22 12-15

jaundiced baby: yb91 37; g89 10/22 11-15

liver transplant: g00 1/8 3

low blood count: w88 5/1 17

lupus: g95 2/22 20-22

placenta previa: yb91 242-244

premature babies: g90 2/22 31; g90 12/8 28

three-year-old with lung crisis: g91 9/22 20-22

Witness attitude a contributing factor: hb 17

woman with low blood count gives birth: g90 11/22 22

refusal by patients: g98 9/22 31

Rh factor and disease: g94 12/8 26-27

Russia: yb08 222-223

hospital seminars: yb08 222; yb99 23-24

medical conferences having booths staffed by Witnesses (2011): g 9/12 25-26

surgeons operating without:

Godec, Ciril (Brooklyn): g99 8/22 31

Jacoub, Magdi (London): g86 4/8 19-20

Park, Young-kwan (Korea): yb88 30

Puerto Rico: yb87 102

Richardson, H. Dale (U.S.): g90 4/22 21-24

surgery without: g 8/06 12; g00 1/8 8-9; g00 9/8 30; g99 8/22 31; g98 12/8 18-21; w96 3/15 31; jv 185; g91 11/22 10; hb 14-17, 28, 30; rs 73-74

babies: g 6/11 14-15; g00 9/8 31; g86 4/8 18-21

brain surgery: g98 2/22 20-21; w96 3/15 31; hb 16-17; g90 4/22 21-24

cancer under eye: g91 3/8 13

centers for: g01 4/8 29; g00 1/8 9; g99 3/8 20; g98 12/8 19; g97 2/8 29; w95 8/1 30; yb93 19, 21-23; g93 1/22 21

children: g95 1/22 31; g94 5/22 7; g91 3/8 13; hb 16, 22; rs 74; yb88 30; g86 4/8 21

conference (1998, Russia): yb08 222; g99 4/22 26-27

efforts to provide: g97 7/22 29

ethical considerations: w97 2/15 19-20

growing demand for: g98 12/8 19, 21; g86 7/8 30

growing respect for: w01 3/1 32; g00 8/22 30; g98 8/22 10-11; g98 12/8 18-21

heart bypass surgery: g96 1/22 31

heart surgery: yb09 251; g00 3/22 23; g00 9/8 31; g95 1/22 31; g94 1/8 28; hb 16-17, 28; rs 74; yb88 30-31; g88 7/8 29; g86 4/8 18-21

joint replacement: g99 8/22 30; hb 16

medical directive (personal) for elective surgery: km 11/90 4

reasoning with doctor on blood transfusion: yb89 57-58; g89 10/22 15; km 11/87 3

speaking to surgical team to ensure: km 11/90 4-6

transplants: g00 1/8 3; g94 5/22 7; w91 6/15 12; hb 16; g89 2/22 29

what to do to ensure: km 11/90 3-6

Sweden:

doctors urged by medical authorities to respect Witness stand: w90 5/15 23

Uruguay:

doctors and hospitals come to respect Witnesses: yb99 254-255

discussing with doctor: lv 217; w04 6/15 31; w00 6/15 30

presented at university (Spain, 1996): w97 2/15 19-20

Witness student’s essay (Italy): g 6/09 30

Bible View

autotransfusion (autologous; one’s own blood): lv 216-218; w00 10/15 30-31; w00 12/15 30

induced hemodilution: km 11/06 6; w00 10/15 31; w89 3/1 31

machines that act as an organ: km 11/06 6; w00 10/15 31

salvage and reinfusion: km 11/06 6; w00 10/15 31; g90 10/22 13; w89 3/1 31

storage and reinfusion: km 11/06 3; w00 10/15 30-31; w89 3/1 30

blood components: w04 6/15 21-22, 29-30; w00 6/15 29; w90 6/1 30

blood fractions: lv 78-79, 215-216; km 11/06 3; w04 6/15 22, 30-31; w00 6/15 29-31; w00 8/15 30; w90 6/1 30-31; w90 8/15 29

chart for listing personal decisions about: km 11/06 5

hemoglobin-based oxygen carriers: g 8/06 11; km 11/06 5

role of conscience: w04 6/15 23-24

comments by—

Bartholin, Thomas (1616-1680) (professor): hb 6; g86 9/8 27

Santinelli, Bartolomeo: g86 9/8 27

discussion: lv 74-79; bh 129-131; w04 6/15 29-31; w00 6/15 29-31; rq 25; kl 128-129; w91 6/15 8-9, 13-18; hb 5-6; pe 216; rs 70-73; w88 5/1 17

doubts about: w86 3/15 18

explaining stand to doctor: w04 6/15 31; w00 6/15 30; km 11/87 3

importance: g89 10/22 15

instructing one’s children: km 12/05 6; w91 6/15 15-18

not disrespectful of life: w95 1/15 5-6

objections regarding, in field ministry: rs 74-76

understanding clarified:

1945: w95 5/15 23; jv 183; w89 3/15 14

1961: jv 183-184

Witnesses’ primary concern: g90 10/22 14-15; g86 1/8 23

Legal Aspects

answering questions by judges or doctors: km 9/92 5-6; km 11/90 6

blood banks not liable for blood: g90 10/22 11

children: hb 21-22, 28-29

Canada supreme court (1995): g95 11/8 13-14

Hospital Information Services seminars: yb96 23

Iceland: yb05 246

conference “Legal Issues in Transfusion Medicine”: w86 4/15 26-27

court cases: jv 185-186

appreciation for Awake! articles on: g86 5/8 26-28

callous attitude toward 17-year-old: g94 5/22 11-12

Canada: g95 1/22 11-12, 15; g95 11/8 13-14; g90 9/8 31; yb88 30; g87 10/22 17-20

hospital and surgeon guilty of violating Witnesses’ rights (U.S.): g90 7/22 28; g90 10/8 31

Italy: w96 11/15 24

Japan: g00 9/22 28; w98 12/1 22; w98 12/15 26-29; g98 8/22 11; w86 6/15 14

mature minors: g95 1/22 11-12, 15; g94 5/22 3-8, 12-15; w91 6/15 16-18

Puerto Rico: yb11 26; w02 4/1 27; yb97 14; w96 1/15 30; yb87 100-102

Red Cross liable for HIV infection (Canada): g98 9/22 31

refusal by minors upheld: g91 8/22 14

United States: yb05 16; yb03 20; yb02 16-17; g98 8/22 11; w97 8/1 32; yb97 14; g94 5/8 28; g92 9/22 12; yb91 58-59

court orders: g93 11/22 26-27; km 9/92 4-6; w91 6/15 15-16, 31

Denmark:

no prosecution of doctors respecting Witnesses’ stand: yb88 30

discussion: hb 28-29

doctors to inform patients of dangers (California): g90 6/8 28

handbook Family Care and Medical Management for Jehovah’s Witnesses: yb96 23-24

liability when against patient’s wishes: w86 4/15 27

medical bracelet or necklace: km 11/90 4

Mexico: yb95 239-241

no-blood cards: jv 185; hb 18

Advance Medical Directive/Release: km 12/04 7; g91 3/8 4; g90 9/8 31; km 11/90 3-4

DPA card: km 1/10 7; km 1/09 3; km 12/04 7

Identity Card (for children): km 11/90 3

no-blood directive (personal write-up): g91 3/8 4-5; km 11/90 4

no-blood forms: hb 18

health-care durable power of attorney (DPA) (proxy): km 12/04 7; yb02 16-17; km 5/98 7; km 12/95 7; km 12/94 7

patients’ rights: km 11/90 4-5

alternative therapy: hb 17-22

appeal court (Canada): g90 9/8 31

Brazil: w98 3/1 29

Denmark: yb93 143-145

district court (Japan): w86 6/15 14

Iceland: yb05 246

informed consent: w04 5/1 26-27; hb 19-21, 30-31; g90 10/22 13

Italy: g02 3/22 29; w96 11/15 24; g91 8/22 28

Japan: g94 8/22 29

Mexico: yb95 240

nonblood management (U.S.): yb12 38-39; yb91 58-59

Russia: yb08 223

precautions to avoid transfusions: km 11/90 3-6; g86 5/8 27

discussing stand with doctor: g89 10/22 15; km 11/87 3

discussing stand with medical team: km 11/90 4-6

instructing children properly: km 12/05 6; w91 6/15 15-18

refusal not an exercise of right to die: yb91 35

relieving doctors of liability for not using: hb 18, 28; yb88 30; w86 4/15 27

unbaptized publishers: km 12/04 7

when a parent’s life is at risk: hb 31

Quotations

all patients stand to benefit from Witnesses’ efforts: yb93 23

a million times a month an experiment in immunology, in epidemiology, often without legal precedent: w86 4/15 26

blessed are Jehovah’s Witnesses: g96 2/8 29

bloodless medicine a state-of-the-art approach: g98 12/8 21

bloodless surgery is for all patients: g00 1/8 7

blood supply can never be completely safe: g00 1/8 7

blood transfusions must one day die out: g00 1/8 11

blood was thought of as a tonic. Now it’s thought to be a poison: g97 2/8 29

certain incompatibilities in almost all: g90 10/22 9

classified by the American Joint Commission on Accreditation of Hospitals as “high volume, high risk and error prone”: hb 19

experience with Witnesses demonstrates that severe anemia is well tolerated: hb 15

for decades we have transfused a substance we knew little about: g98 3/8 8-9

frustration has now given way to a sense of awe and reverence for that particular patient’s steadfast faith and commitment: hb 23; g86 5/8 28

if blood was a new drug it wouldn’t receive a product license: g95 7/22 29

if you have to give a transfusion, you’ve either failed in diagnosis or failed in therapy: g95 6/8 21

it has been proved that [Witnesses’] position has scientific support: yb96 22-23

Jehovah’s Witnesses have refused this for many years. Did they look into the future?: hb 12

major operations can be safely performed without blood transfusions: g90 10/22 13

maybe Witnesses are right: jv 186; w91 6/15 13; g88 5/8 29; g88 10/8 14

meeting Witnesses led me to a new set of values: w95 1/15 6

most dangerous substance we use in medicine: hb 19; g90 10/22 8-9

my opinion of a doctor’s duty has changed: g95 1/22 31

necessary to reevaluate the risk part of the benefit/risk relationship and to seek alternatives: hb 19

one major cause of transfusion-related fatalities is administrative error—getting the wrong blood into the wrong person: w86 4/15 27

patients less likely to be given unnecessary transfusions because of work of Witnesses: g00 1/8 11; g93 11/22 27

program to help Witnesses has advantages for everyone: g93 1/22 21

surest preventive measure is to eliminate the exposure of a patient to the blood of others: g95 6/8 22

thank God that Witnesses are pioneering research in substitutes: g99 2/22 5; g98 9/22 31

there is considerable evidence to support [Witnesses’] contention: g94 5/22 13; g90 10/22 15; w87 1/15 23

there is no way we can make the blood supply completely sterile: w95 8/1 30

unnecessary transfusions because senior physician suggested: g91 1/8 24

we cannot test for something we don’t know: g98 3/8 8-9

we must find alternatives for all our patients: g00 1/8 8

we should be grateful to Witnesses: g99 4/22 27

Witnesses are way ahead of us. They are the most knowledgeable about alternatives: g93 11/22 25

Witnesses have been vindicated: yb93 23

Witnesses have done us a service: yb93 23

Witnesses have shown how well we can do without blood transfusions: g95 6/8 22

Witnesses have spared themselves many headaches: yb99 255

Witnesses on the right path earlier than we: yb93 23

Witnesses want the best medical care, but they want alternatives to transfusions: w95 8/1 30