1 The proverbs+ of Solʹo·mon+ the son of David,+ the king of Israel,+ 2 for one to know wisdom+ and discipline,+ to discern the sayings of understanding,+ 3 to receive the discipline+ that gives insight,+ righteousness+ and judgment+ and uprightness,+ 4 to give to the inexperienced ones shrewdness,+ to a young man knowledge+ and thinking ability.+
5 A wise person will listen and take in more instruction,+ and a man of understanding is the one who acquires skillful direction,+ 6 to understand a proverb and a puzzling saying,+ the words of wise persons+ and their riddles.+
10 My son, if sinners try to seduce you, do not consent.+ 11 If they keep saying: “Do go with us. Do let us lie in ambush for blood.+ Do let us lie in concealment for the innocent men without any cause.+ 12 Let us swallow them down alive+ just like Sheʹol,*+ even whole, like those going down into a pit.+ 13 Let us find all sorts of precious valuables.+ Let us fill our houses with spoil.+ 14 Your lot you ought to cast in among us. Let there come to be just one bag belonging to all of us”+— 15 my son, do not go in the way with them.+ Hold back your foot from their roadway.+ 16 For their feet are those that run to sheer badness,+ and they keep hastening to shed blood.+ 17 For it is for nothing that the net is spread before the eyes of anything owning wings.+ 18 Consequently they themselves lie in ambush for the very blood of these;+ they lie in concealment for their souls.*+ 19 Thus are the paths of everyone making unjust profit.+ It takes away the very soul of its owners.+
20 True wisdom+ itself* keeps crying aloud in the very street.+ In the public squares it keeps giving forth its voice.+ 21 At the upper end of the noisy streets* it calls out.+ At the entrances of the gates into the city it says its own sayings:+
22 “How long will YOU inexperienced ones keep loving inexperience,+ and [how long] must YOU ridiculers desire for yourselves outright ridicule,+ and [how long] will YOU stupid ones keep hating knowledge?+ 23 Turn back at my reproof.+ Then to YOU I will cause my spirit to bubble forth;+ I will make my words known to YOU.+ 24 Because I have called out but YOU keep refusing,+ I have stretched out my hand but there is no one paying attention,+ 25 and YOU keep neglecting all my counsel,+ and my reproof YOU have not accepted,+ 26 I also, for my part, shall laugh at YOUR own disaster,+ I shall mock when what YOU dread comes,+ 27 when what YOU dread comes just like a storm, and YOUR own disaster gets here just like a storm wind,+ when distress and hard times come upon YOU.+ 28 At that time they will keep calling me, but I shall not answer;+ they will keep looking for me, but they will not find me,+ 29 for the reason that they hated knowledge,+ and the fear of Jehovah they did not choose.+ 30 They did not consent to my counsel;+ they disrespected all my reproof.+ 31 So they will eat from the fruitage of their way,+ and they will be glutted with their own counsels.+ 32 For the renegading+ of the inexperienced ones is what will kill them,+ and the easygoingness of the stupid is what will destroy them.+ 33 As for the one listening to me, he will reside in security+ and be undisturbed from dread of calamity.”+
2 My son, if you will receive my sayings+ and treasure up my own commandments with yourself,+ 2 so as to pay attention to wisdom with your ear,+ that you may incline your heart to discernment;+ 3 if, moreover, you call out for understanding+ itself and you give forth your voice for discernment itself,+ 4 if you keep seeking for it as for silver,+ and as for hid treasures you keep searching for it,+ 5 in that case you will understand the fear+ of Jehovah, and you will find the very knowledge of God.*+ 6 For Jehovah himself gives wisdom;+ out of his mouth there are knowledge and discernment.+ 7 And for the upright ones he will treasure up practical wisdom;+ for those walking in integrity he is a shield,+ 8 by observing the paths of judgment,+ and he will guard the very way of his loyal ones.*+ 9 In that case you will understand righteousness and judgment and uprightness, the entire course of what is good.+
10 When wisdom enters into your heart+ and knowledge itself becomes pleasant to your very soul,+ 11 thinking ability itself will keep guard over you,+ discernment itself will safeguard you,+ 12 to deliver you from the bad way,+ from the man speaking perverse things,+ 13 from those leaving the paths of uprightness to walk in the ways of darkness,+ 14 from those who are rejoicing in doing bad,+ who are joyful in the perverse things of badness;+ 15 those whose paths are crooked and who are devious in their general course;+ 16 to deliver you from the strange woman, from the foreign woman+ who has made her own sayings smooth,+ 17 who is leaving the confidential friend of her youth+ and who has forgotten the very covenant of her God.+ 18 For down to death her house does sink and down to those impotent in death* her tracks.+ 19 None of those having relations with her will come back, nor will they regain the paths of those living.+
20 The purpose is that you may walk in the way of good people+ and that the paths of the righteous ones you may keep.+ 21 For the upright are the ones that will reside in the earth,+ and the blameless are the ones that will be left over in it.+ 22 As regards the wicked, they will be cut off from the very earth;+ and as for the treacherous, they will be torn away from it.+
3 My son, my law do not forget,+ and my commandments may your heart observe,+ 2 because length of days and years of life+ and peace will be added* to you.+ 3 May loving-kindness* and trueness* themselves not leave you.+ Tie them about your throat.+ Write them upon the tablet of your heart,+ 4 and so find favor and good insight in the eyes of God* and of earthling man.*+ 5 Trust in Jehovah with all your heart+ and do not lean upon your own understanding.+ 6 In all your ways take notice of him,+ and he himself will make your paths straight.+
9 Honor Jehovah with your valuable things+ and with the firstfruits of all your produce.+ 10 Then your stores of supply will be filled with plenty;+ and with new wine your own press vats will overflow.*+
13 Happy is the man that has found wisdom,+ and the man that gets discernment,+ 14 for having it as gain is better than having silver as gain and having it as produce than gold*+ itself. 15 It* is more precious than corals,+ and all other delights of yours cannot be made equal to it. 16 Length of days is in its right hand;+ in its left hand there are riches and glory.*+ 17 Its ways are ways of pleasantness, and all its roadways are peace.+ 18 It is a tree of life+ to those taking hold of it, and those keeping fast hold of it+ are to be called happy.+
19 Jehovah himself in wisdom founded the earth.+ He solidly fixed the heavens in discernment.+ 20 By his knowledge the watery deeps* themselves were split apart,+ and the cloudy skies keep dripping down light rain.+ 21 My son, may they not get away from your eyes.+ Safeguard practical wisdom and thinking ability,+ 22 and they will prove to be life to your soul+ and charm to your throat.+ 23 In that case you will walk in security+ on your way, and even your foot will not strike against anything.+ 24 Whenever you lie down you will feel no dread;+ and you will certainly lie down, and your sleep must be pleasurable.+ 25 You will not need to be afraid of any sudden dreadful thing,+ nor of the storm upon the wicked ones, because it is coming.+ 26 For Jehovah himself will prove to be, in effect, your confidence,*+ and he will certainly keep your foot against capture.+
27 Do not hold back good from those to whom it is owing,*+ when it happens to be in the power of your hand to do [it].+ 28 Do not say to your fellowman: “Go, and come back and tomorrow I shall give,” when there is something with you.+ 29 Do not fabricate against your fellowman anything bad,+ when he is dwelling in a sense of security with you.+ 30 Do not quarrel with a man* without cause,+ if he has rendered no bad to you.+
31 Do not become envious of the man* of violence,+ nor choose any of his ways.+ 32 For the devious+ person is a detestable thing to Jehovah,+ but His intimacy is with the upright ones.+ 33 The curse of Jehovah is on the house of the wicked one,+ but the abiding place of the righteous ones he blesses.+ 34 If it has to do with ridiculers,+ he himself will deride;+ but to the meek ones he will show favor.+ 35 Honor* is what the wise ones will come to possess,+ but the stupid ones are exalting dishonor.+
4 Listen, O sons, to the discipline of a father+ and pay attention, so as to know understanding.+ 2 For good instruction is what I certainly shall give to YOU.+ My law DO not leave.+ 3 For I proved to be a real son to my father,+ tender and the only one before my mother.+ 4 And he would instruct me+ and say to me: “May your heart+ keep fast hold of my words.+ Keep my commandments and continue living.+ 5 Acquire wisdom,+ acquire understanding.+ Do not forget, and do not turn aside from the sayings of my mouth.+ 6 Do not leave it,* and it will keep you. Love it, and it will safeguard you. 7 Wisdom is the prime thing.+ Acquire wisdom; and with all that you acquire, acquire understanding.+ 8 Highly esteem it, and it will exalt you.+ It will glorify you because you embrace it.+ 9 To your head it will give a wreath of charm;+ a crown of beauty it will bestow upon you.”+
10 Hear, my son, and accept my sayings.+ Then for you the years of life will become many.*+ 11 I will instruct you even in the way of wisdom;+ I will cause you to tread in the tracks of uprightness.+ 12 When you walk, your pace will not be cramped;+ and if you run, you will not stumble.+ 13 Take hold on discipline;+ do not let go.*+ Safeguard it,* for it itself is your life.+
14 Into the path of the wicked ones do not enter,+ and do not walk straight on into the way of the bad ones.+ 15 Shun it,+ do not pass along by it;+ turn aside from it, and pass along.+ 16 For they do not sleep unless they do badness,+ and their sleep has been snatched away unless they cause someone to stumble.+ 17 For they have fed themselves with the bread of wickedness,+ and the wine of acts of violence is what they drink.+ 18 But the path of the righteous ones is like the bright light that is getting lighter and lighter until the day is firmly established.+ 19 The way of the wicked ones is like the gloom;+ they have not known at what they keep stumbling.+
20 My son, to my words do pay attention.+ To my sayings incline your ear.+ 21 May they not get away from your eyes.+ Keep them in the midst of your heart.+ 22 For they are life to those finding them+ and health to all their flesh.+ 23 More than all else that is to be guarded, safeguard your heart,+ for out of it are the sources of life.+ 24 Remove from yourself the crookedness of speech;*+ and the deviousness of lips put far away from yourself.+ 25 As for your eyes, straight ahead they should look,+ yes, your own beaming eyes should gaze straight in front of you.+ 26 Smooth out the course of your foot,*+ and may all your own ways be firmly established.+ 27 Do not incline to the right hand or to the left.+ Remove your foot from what is bad.+
3 For as a honeycomb the lips of a strange woman keep dripping,+ and her palate is smoother than oil.+ 4 But the aftereffect from her is as bitter as wormwood;+ it is as sharp as a two-edged sword.+ 5 Her feet are descending to death.+ Her very steps take hold on Sheʹol* itself.+ 6 The path of life she does not contemplate.+ Her tracks have wandered she does not know [where].+ 7 So now, O sons, listen to me+ and do not turn away from the sayings of my mouth.+ 8 Keep your way far off from alongside her, and do not get near to the entrance of her house,+ 9 that you may not give to others your dignity,*+ nor your years to what is cruel;+ 10 that strangers may not satisfy themselves with your power,+ nor the things you got by pain be in the house of a foreigner,+ 11 nor you have to groan in your future+ when your flesh and your organism come to an end.+ 12 And you will have to say: “How I have hated discipline+ and my heart has disrespected even reproof!+ 13 And I have not listened to the voice of my instructors,+ and to my teachers I have not inclined my ear.+ 14 Easily I have come to be in every sort of badness+ in the midst of the congregation and of the assembly.”+
15 Drink water out of your own cistern, and tricklings out of the midst of your own well.+ 16 Should your springs be scattered out of doors,+ [your] streams of water in the public squares themselves? 17 Let them prove to be for you alone, and not for strangers with you.+ 18 Let your water source prove to be blessed,+ and rejoice with the wife of your youth,+ 19 a lovable hind and a charming mountain goat.+ Let her own breasts intoxicate you at all times.+ With her love may you be in an ecstasy constantly.+ 20 So why should you, my son, be in an ecstasy with a strange woman or embrace the bosom of a foreign woman?+ 21 For the ways of man* are in front of the eyes of Jehovah,+ and he is contemplating all his tracks.+ 22 His own errors will catch the wicked one,*+ and in the ropes of his own sin he will be taken hold of.+ 23 He will be the one to die because there is no discipline,+ and [because] in the abundance of his foolishness he goes astray.*+
6 My son, if you have gone surety for your fellowman,+ [if] you have given your handshake even to the stranger,+ 2 [if] you have been ensnared by the sayings of your mouth,+ [if] you have been caught by the sayings of your mouth, 3 take this action then, my son, and deliver yourself, for you have come into the palm of your fellowman:+ Go humble yourself* and storm your fellowman with importunities.+ 4 Do not give any sleep to your eyes, nor any slumber to your beaming eyes.+ 5 Deliver yourself like a gazelle from the hand and like a bird from the hand of the birdcatcher.+
6 Go to the ant,+ you lazy one;+ see its ways and become wise. 7 Although it has no commander, officer or ruler, 8 it prepares its food even in the summer;+ it has gathered its food supplies even in the harvest. 9 How long, you lazy one, will you keep lying down?+ When will you rise up from your sleep?+ 10 A little more sleep, a little more slumbering, a little more folding of the hands in lying down,+ 11 and your poverty will certainly come just like some rover,+ and your want like an armed man.*+
12 A good-for-nothing man,*+ a man of hurtfulness,* is walking with crookedness of speech,*+ 13 winking with his eye,+ making signs with his foot, making indications with his fingers.+ 14 Perverseness is in his heart.+ He is fabricating something bad all the time.+ He keeps sending out merely contentions.+ 15 That is why suddenly there will come his disaster;+ in an instant he will be broken, and there will be no healing.+
16 There are six things that Jehovah does hate;+ yes, seven are things detestable to his soul:+ 17 lofty eyes,+ a false tongue,+ and hands that are shedding innocent blood,+ 18 a heart fabricating hurtful schemes,+ feet that are in a hurry to run to badness,+ 19 a false witness that launches forth lies,+ and anyone sending forth contentions among brothers.+
20 Observe, O my son, the commandment of your father,+ and do not forsake the law of your mother.+ 21 Tie them* upon your heart constantly;+ bind them upon your throat.+ 22 When you walk about, it* will lead you;+ when you lie down, it will stand guard over you;+ and when you have waked up, it itself will make you its concern. 23 For the commandment is a lamp,+ and a light the law is,+ and the reproofs of discipline are the way of life,+ 24 to guard you against the bad woman,*+ against the smoothness of the tongue of the foreign woman.+ 25 Do not desire her prettiness in your heart,+ and may she not take you with her lustrous eyes,+ 26 because in behalf of a woman prostitute [one comes down] to a round loaf of bread;+ but as regards another man’s wife, she hunts even for a precious soul.+ 27 Can a man rake together fire into his bosom and yet his very garments not be burned?+ 28 Or can a man walk upon the coals and his feet themselves not be scorched? 29 Likewise with anyone having relations with the wife of his fellowman,+ no one touching her will remain unpunishable.+ 30 People do not despise a thief just because he commits thievery to fill his soul when he is hungry. 31 But, when found, he will make it good with seven times as much; all the valuables of his house he will give.+ 32 Anyone committing adultery with a woman is in want of heart;*+ he that does it is bringing his own soul to ruin.*+ 33 A plague* and dishonor he will find,+ and his reproach itself will not be wiped out.+ 34 For the rage of an able-bodied man is jealousy,+ and he will not show compassion in the day of vengeance.+ 35 He will have no consideration for any sort of ransom, neither will he show willingness, no matter how large you make the present.
7 My son, keep my sayings,+ and may you treasure up my own commandments with you.+ 2 Keep my commandments and continue living,+ and my law like the pupil+ of your eyes. 3 Tie them upon your fingers,+ and write them upon the tablet of your heart.+ 4 Say to wisdom:+ “You are my sister”; and may you call understanding itself “Kinswoman,” 5 to guard you against the woman stranger,+ against the foreigner who has made her own sayings smooth.+ 6 For at the window of my house, through my lattice+ I looked down, 7 that I might peer upon the inexperienced ones.+ I was interested in discerning among the sons a young man in want of heart,*+ 8 passing along on the street near her corner, and in the way to her house he marches,+ 9 in the twilight, in the evening of the day,+ at the approach* of the night and the gloom. 10 And, look! there was a woman to meet him, with the garment of a prostitute+ and cunning* of heart. 11 She is boisterous and stubborn.+ In her house her feet do not keep residing.+ 12 Now she is outdoors, now she is in the public squares,+ and near every corner she lies in wait.+ 13 And she has grabbed hold of him and given him a kiss.+ She has put on a bold face, and she begins to say to him:
14 “Communion sacrifices were incumbent upon me.+ Today I have paid my vows.+ 15 That is why I have come out to meet you, to look for your face, that I may find you. 16 With coverlets I have bedecked my divan, with many-colored things, linen of Egypt.+ 17 I have besprinkled my bed with myrrh, aloes and cinnamon.+ 18 Do come, let us drink our fill of love until the morning; do let us enjoy each other with love expressions.+ 19 For the husband is not in his house; he has gone traveling on a way of some distance.+ 20 A bag of money* he has taken in his hand. On the day of the full moon he will come to his house.”
21 She has misled him by the abundance of her persuasiveness.+ By the smoothness of her lips she seduces him.+ 22 All of a sudden he is going after her,*+ like a bull that comes even to the slaughter, and just as if fettered* for the discipline of a foolish man, 23 until an arrow cleaves open his liver,+ just as a bird hastens into the trap,+ and he has not known that it involves his very soul.*+
24 And now, O sons, listen to me and pay attention to the sayings of my mouth.+ 25 May your heart not turn aside to her ways. Do not wander into her roadways.+ 26 For many are the ones she has caused to fall down slain,+ and all those being killed by her are numerous.+ 27 The ways to Sheʹol* her house+ is; they are descending to the interior rooms of death.+
8 Does not wisdom keep calling out,+ and discernment keep giving forth its voice?+ 2 On top of the heights,+ by the way, at the crossing of the roadways it has stationed itself. 3 At the side of the gates, at the mouth of the town,+ at the going in of the entrances it keeps crying loudly:+
4 “To YOU, O men,* I am calling, and my voice is to the sons of men.*+ 5 O inexperienced ones, understand shrewdness;+ and YOU stupid ones, understand heart.*+ 6 Listen, for it is about the foremost things that I speak,+ and the opening of my lips is about uprightness.+ 7 For my palate in low tones utters truth itself;+ and wickedness is something detestable to my lips.+ 8 All the sayings of my mouth are in righteousness.+ Among them there is nothing twisted or crooked.+ 9 All of them are straight to the discerning one, and upright to the ones finding knowledge.+ 10 TAKE my discipline and not silver, and knowledge rather than choice gold.+ 11 For wisdom is better than corals,+ and all other delights themselves cannot be made equal to it.+
12 “I, wisdom, I have resided with shrewdness+ and I find even the knowledge of thinking abilities.+ 13 The fear of Jehovah means the hating of bad.+ Self-exaltation and pride+ and the bad way and the perverse mouth+ I have hated. 14 I have counsel+ and practical wisdom.+ I—understanding;+ I have mightiness.+ 15 By me kings themselves keep reigning, and high officials themselves keep decreeing righteousness.+ 16 By me princes themselves keep ruling as princes,+ and nobles are all judging in righteousness.+ 17 Those loving me* I myself love,+ and those looking for me are the ones that find me.+ 18 Riches and glory* are with me,+ hereditary values and righteousness.+ 19 My fruitage is better than gold,* even than refined gold, and my produce than choice silver.+ 20 In the path of righteousness I walk,+ in the middle of the roadways of judgment,+ 21 to cause those loving me to take possession of substance;+ and their storehouses I keep filled.+
22 “Jehovah himself produced me* as the beginning* of his way,+ the earliest of his achievements of long ago.+ 23 From time indefinite I was installed,+ from the start,* from times earlier than the earth.+ 24 When there were no watery deeps* I was brought forth as with labor pains,+ when there were no springs heavily charged with water. 25 Before the mountains themselves had been settled down,+ ahead of the hills, I was brought forth as with labor pains, 26 when as yet he had not made the earth+ and the open spaces and the first part of the dust masses of the productive land.*+ 27 When he prepared the heavens I was there;+ when he decreed a circle upon the face of the watery deep,+ 28 when he made firm the cloud masses above,+ when he caused the fountains of the watery deep to be strong,+ 29 when he set for the sea his decree that the waters themselves should not pass beyond his order,*+ when he decreed the foundations of the earth,+ 30 then I came to be beside him as a master worker,*+ and I came to be the one he* was specially fond+ of day by day, I being glad before him all the time,+ 31 being glad at the productive land* of his earth,+ and the things I was fond of were with the sons of men.*+
32 “And now, O sons, listen to me; yes, happy are the ones that keep my very ways.+ 33 Listen to discipline and become wise,+ and do not show any neglect.+ 34 Happy is the man that is listening to me by keeping awake at my doors day by day, by watching at the posts of my entrances.+ 35 For the one finding me will certainly find life,+ and gets goodwill from Jehovah.+ 36 But the one missing me is doing violence to his soul;+ all those intensely hating me are the ones that do love death.”+
9 True wisdom+ has built its house;+ it has hewn out its seven pillars. 2 It has organized its meat slaughtering;* it has mixed its wine; more than that, it has set in order its table.+ 3 It has sent forth its lady attendants, that it may call out on top of the heights of the town: 4 “Whoever is inexperienced, let him turn aside here.”+ Whoever is in want of heart*+—she has said to him: 5 “Come, feed yourselves with my bread and share in drinking the wine that I have mixed.+ 6 Leave the inexperienced ones and keep living,+ and walk straight in the way of understanding.”+
7 He that is correcting the ridiculer is taking to himself dishonor,+ and he that is giving a reproof to someone wicked—a defect in him.+ 8 Do not reprove a ridiculer, that he may not hate you.+ Give a reproof to a wise person and he will love you.+ 9 Give to a wise person and he will become still wiser.+ Impart knowledge to someone righteous and he will increase in learning.
10 The fear of Jehovah is the start of wisdom,+ and the knowledge of the Most Holy One* is what understanding is.+ 11 For by me your days will become many,+ and to you years of life will be added.+ 12 If you have become wise, you have become wise in your own behalf;+ and if you have ridiculed, you will bear [it], just you alone.+
13 A woman of stupidity is boisterous.+ She is simplemindedness itself and has come to know nothing whatever.+ 14 And she has seated herself at the entrance of her house, upon a seat, [in] the high places of the town,+ 15 to call out to those passing along the way, those who are going straight ahead on their paths:+ 16 “Whoever is inexperienced, let him turn aside here.”+ And whoever is in want of heart*+—she has also said to him: 17 “Stolen waters themselves are sweet,+ and bread [eaten] in secrecy—it is pleasant.”+ 18 But he has not come to know that those impotent in death* are there, that those called in by her are in the low places of Sheʹol.*+
A wise son is the one that makes a father rejoice,+ and a stupid son is the grief of his mother.+ 2 The treasures of the wicked one will be of no benefit,+ but righteousness is what will deliver from death.+ 3 Jehovah will not cause the soul of the righteous one to go hungry,+ but the craving of the wicked ones he will push away.+
6 Blessings are for the head of the righteous one,+ but as regards the mouth of the wicked ones, it covers up violence.*+ 7 The remembrance of the righteous one is due for a blessing,+ but the very name of the wicked ones will rot.+
10 The one winking his eye will give pain,+ and the one foolish with his lips will be trodden down.+ 11 The mouth of the righteous one is a source* of life;+ but as regards the mouth of the wicked ones, it covers up violence.+
24 The thing frightful to the wicked one—that is what will come to him;+ but the desire of the righteous ones will be granted.+ 25 As when the storm wind passes over, so the wicked one is no more;+ but the righteous one is a foundation to time indefinite.+
5 The righteousness of the blameless one is what will make his way straight,+ but in his own wickedness the wicked one will fall.+ 6 The righteousness of the upright ones is what will deliver them,+ but by their* craving* those dealing treacherously will themselves be caught.+
4 Where there are no cattle the manger is clean, but the crop is abundant because of the power of a bull.
29 A man of violence will seduce his fellow,+ and certainly causes him to go in a way that is not good.+ 30 He is blinking with his eyes to scheme up intrigues.+ Pinching his lips together, he certainly brings mischief to completion.
17 Incline your ear and hear the words of the wise ones,+ that you may apply your very heart to my knowledge.+ 18 For it is pleasant that you should keep them in your belly,+ that they may be firmly established together upon your lips.+
22 Do not rob the lowly one because he is lowly,+ and do not crush the afflicted one in the gate.+ 23 For Jehovah himself will plead their cause,+ and he will certainly rob of soul* those robbing them.+
24 Do not have companionship with anyone given to anger;+ and with a man having fits of rage you must not enter in, 25 that you may not get familiar with his paths and certainly take a snare for your soul.+
23 In case you should sit down to feed yourself with a king, you should diligently consider what is before you,+ 2 and you must put a knife to your throat if you are the owner of soul[ful desire].*+ 3 Do not show yourself craving his tasty dishes, as it is the food of lies.+
4 Do not toil to gain riches.+ Cease from your own understanding.+ 5 Have you caused your eyes to glance at it, when it is nothing?+ For without fail it makes wings for itself like those of an eagle and flies away toward the heavens.+
6 Do not feed yourself with the food of anyone of ungenerous eye,*+ nor show yourself craving his tasty dishes.+ 7 For as one that has calculated within his soul, so he is.+ “Eat and drink,” he says to you, but his heart itself is not with you.+ 8 Your morsel that you have eaten, you will vomit it out, and you will have wasted your pleasant words.+
13 Do not hold back discipline from the mere boy.+ In case you beat him with the rod, he will not die. 14 With the rod you yourself should beat him, that you may deliver his very soul from Sheʹol* itself.+
20 Do not come to be among heavy drinkers of wine,+ among those who are gluttonous eaters of flesh.+ 21 For a drunkard and a glutton will come to poverty,+ and drowsiness will clothe one with mere rags.+
22 Listen to your father who caused your birth,+ and do not despise your mother just because she has grown old.+ 23 Buy truth itself+ and do not sell it—wisdom and discipline and understanding.+ 24 The father of a righteous one will without fail be joyful;+ the one becoming father to a wise one will also rejoice in him.+ 25 Your father and your mother will rejoice, and she that gave birth to you will be joyful.+
26 My son, do give your heart to me, and may those eyes of yours take pleasure in my own ways.+ 27 For a prostitute is a deep pit+ and a foreign woman is a narrow well. 28 Surely she, just like a robber, lies in wait;+ and among men she increases the treacherous ones.+
29 Who has woe? Who has uneasiness? Who has contentions?+ Who has concern? Who has wounds for no reason? Who has dullness of eyes? 30 Those staying a long time with the wine,+ those coming in to search out mixed wine.+ 31 Do not look at wine when it exhibits a red color, when it gives off its sparkle in the cup, [when] it goes with a slickness. 32 At its end it bites just like a serpent,+ and it secretes poison just like a viper.+ 33 Your own eyes will see strange things,* and your own heart will speak perverse things.+ 34 And you will certainly become like one lying down in the heart of the sea, even like one lying down at the top of a mast.+ 35 “They have struck me, but I did not become sick; they have smitten me, but I did not know it. When shall I wake up?+ I shall seek it yet some more.”+
5 One wise in strength is an able-bodied man,+ and a man of knowledge is reinforcing power.*+ 6 For by skillful direction you will carry on your war,+ and in the multitude of counselors there is salvation.+
11 Deliver those who are being taken away to death; and those staggering to the slaughter, O may you hold [them] back.+ 12 In case you should say: “Look! We did not know of this,”+ will not he himself that is making an estimate of hearts discern it,+ and he himself that is observing your soul know+ and certainly pay back to earthling man according to his activity?+
13 My son, eat honey, for it is good; and let sweet comb honey be upon your palate.+ 14 In the same way, do know wisdom for your soul.+ If you have found [it], then there exists a future, and your own hope will not be cut off.+
15 Do not, as a wicked one, lie in wait for the abiding place of the righteous one;+ do not despoil his resting-place.+ 16 For the righteous one may fall even seven times, and he will certainly get up;+ but the wicked ones will be made to stumble by calamity.+
17 When your enemy falls, do not rejoice; and when he is caused to stumble, may your heart not be joyful,+ 18 that Jehovah may not see and it be bad in his eyes and he certainly turn back his anger from against him.+
21 My son, fear Jehovah and the king.*+ With those who are for a change, do not intermeddle.+ 22 For their disaster will arise so suddenly,+ that who is aware of the extinction of those who are for a change?+
24 He that is saying to the wicked one: “You are righteous,”+ the peoples will execrate him, national groups will denounce him. 25 But for those reproving [him] it will be pleasant,+ and upon them there will come the blessing of good.+ 26 Lips will he kiss who is replying in a straightforward way.+
28 Do not become a witness against your fellowman without grounds.+ Then you would have to be foolish with your lips.+ 29 Do not say: “Just as he did to me, so I am going to do to him.+ I shall repay to each one according to his acting.”+
30 I passed along by the field of the lazy individual+ and by the vineyard of the man in need of heart.*+ 31 And, look! all of it produced weeds.+ Nettles covered its very surface, and its stone wall itself had been torn down.+
32 So I proceeded to behold, I myself; I began taking [it] to heart;+ I saw, I took the discipline:+ 33 A little sleeping, a little slumbering, a little folding of the hands to lie down,+ 34 and as a highwayman your poverty will certainly come and your neediness as an armed man.*+
6 Do not do yourself honor before the king,+ and in the place of great ones do not stand.+ 7 For it is better [for him] to say to you: “Come up here,”+ than to abase you before a noble whom your eyes have seen.+
8 Do not go forth to conduct a legal case hastily, that it may not be a question of what you will do in the culmination of it when your fellowman now humiliates you.+ 9 Plead your own cause with your fellowman,+ and do not reveal the confidential talk of another;+ 10 that the one listening may not put you to shame and the bad report by you can have no recall.
17 Make your foot rare at the house of your fellowman, that he may not have his sufficiency of you and certainly hate you.
21 If the one hating you is hungry, give him bread to eat; and if he is thirsty, give him water to drink.+ 22 For coals are what you are raking together upon his head,+ and Jehovah himself will reward you.+
24 With his lips the hater makes himself unrecognizable, but inside of him he puts deception.+ 25 Although he makes his voice gracious,+ do not believe in him,+ for there are seven detestable things+ in his heart. 26 Hatred is covered over by deceit. His badness will be uncovered in the congregation.+
10 Do not leave your own companion or the companion of your father, and do not enter the house of your own brother on the day of your disaster. Better is a neighbor that is near than a brother that is far away.+
25 The green grass has departed, and the new grass has appeared, and the vegetation of the mountains has been gathered.+ 26 The young rams are for your clothing,+ and the he-goats are the price of the field. 27 And there is a sufficiency of goats’ milk for your food, for the food of your household, and the means+ of life for your girls.
4 Who has ascended to heaven that he may descend?+ Who has gathered the wind+ in the hollow of both hands? Who has wrapped up the waters in a mantle?+ Who has made all the ends of the earth to rise?+ What is his name+ and what the name of his son, in case you know?+
7 Two things I have asked of you.+ Do not withhold them from me before I die.+ 8 Untruth and the lying word put far away from me.+ Give me neither poverty nor riches.+ Let me devour the food prescribed for me,+ 9 that I may not become satisfied and I actually deny [you]+ and say: “Who is Jehovah?”+ and that I may not come to poverty and I actually steal and assail the name of my God.*+
15 The leeches have two daughters [that cry]: “Give! Give!” There are three things that do not get satisfied, four that have not said: “Enough!” 16 Sheʹol+ and a restrained womb,*+ a land that has not been satisfied with water,+ and fire+ that has not said: “Enough!”+
18 There are three things that have proved too wonderful* for me, and four that I have not come to know: 19 the way of an eagle in the heavens, the way of a serpent on a rock, the way of a ship in the heart of the sea+ and the way of an able-bodied man with a maiden.+
21 Under three things the earth has been agitated, and under four it is not able to endure: 22 under a slave when he rules as king,+ and someone senseless when he has his sufficiency of food;+ 23 under a hated woman when she is taken possession of as a wife,+ and a maidservant when she dispossesses her mistress.+
24 There are four things that are the smallest of the earth, but they are instinctively wise:*+ 25 the ants are a people not strong,+ and yet in the summer they prepare their food;+ 26 the rock badgers+ are a people not mighty, and yet upon a crag is where they put their house;+ 27 the locusts+ have no king, and yet they go forth all of them divided into groups;+ 28 the gecko+ lizard takes hold with its own hands and it is in the grand palace* of a king.
29 There are three that do well in [their] pacing, and four that do well in [their] moving along: 30 the lion, which is the mightiest among the beasts and which does not turn back from before anyone;+ 31 the greyhound* or the he-goat, and a king of a band of soldiers of his own people.*+
32 If you have acted senselessly by lifting yourself up,+ and if you have fixed your thought [upon it], [put] the hand to the mouth.+ 33 For the churning of milk is what brings forth butter, and the squeezing of the nose is what brings forth blood, and the squeezing out of anger is what brings forth quarreling.+
4 It is not for kings, O Lemʹu·el, it is not for kings to drink wine or for high officials [to say:] “Where is intoxicating liquor?”+ 5 that one may not drink and forget what is decreed and pervert the cause of any of the sons of affliction.+ 6 Give intoxicating liquor, YOU people, to the one about to perish+ and wine to those who are bitter of soul.+ 7 Let one drink and forget one’s poverty, and let one remember one’s own trouble no more.
Or, “Proverbial Utterances.” Heb., Mish·lehʹ; Gr., Pa·roi·miʹai; Lat., Liʹber Pro·ver·bi·oʹrum Sa·lo·moʹnis. In Heb. this book is named after its opening word. See Nu 23:7.
“Just like Sheol.” Heb., kish·ʼohlʹ; Gr., haiʹdes; Syr., shiul; Lat., in·ferʹnus. See App 4B.
“For their souls (lives).” Heb., lenaph·sho·thamʹ, pl.; Lat., aʹni·mas. See App 4A.
Or, “herself,” referring to “wisdom,” fem.
“On top of the walls,” LXX and by a correction of M.
“God.” Heb., ʼElo·himʹ.
Or, “his men of loving-kindness,” Mmargin (TLXXSyVg are similar); M, “his man of loving-kindness.”
“Those impotent in death.” Heb., repha·ʼimʹ; T(Aram.), gib·bo·raiʹia, “the giants”; LXX, “Hades [Gr., haiʹdei] with the earthborn ones”; Vgc(Lat.), inʹfe·ros.
Lit., “they will add.” The Heb. verb is third person masc. pl. (not fem. like “law” and “commandments” in vs 1), referring to an indefinite subject.
Or, “loyal love.”
Or, “and truth.” Heb., we·ʼemethʹ.
“In the eyes of God.” Heb., beʽeh·nehʹ ʼElo·himʹ.
“And of earthling man.” Heb., weʼa·dhamʹ.
Or, “moistening.” In Ps 102:9, “drink.”
Lit., “break forth.”
“And . . . than gold.” Heb., u·me·cha·rutsʹ.
Or, “She,” referring to “wisdom” in vs 13.
Lit., “will prove to be in your confidence,” M; LXX, “will be on all your ways.”
Lit., “from its owners.” Heb., mib·beʽa·lavʹ, pl. of baʹʽal.
Or, “an earthling man.” Heb., ʼa·dhamʹ.
“Of the man of.” Heb., beʼishʹ.
Or, “her,” referring to “wisdom.”
Or, “And they [the sayings of mine] will become many for you during the years of life.”
Or, “do not let [it] alone.”
Or, “her.” See vs 6 ftn.
“Make straight paths for your feet,” LXX. Compare Heb 12:13.
“Sheol.” Heb., sheʼohlʹ; Gr., haiʹden; Lat., inʹfe·ros.
“Dignity,” M; TSy, “vital energy”; LXX, “life”; Vg, “honor.”
“Man.” Heb., ʼish.
Or, “catch him with the wicked one.”
“Will be swept away,” by a correction of M; LXX, “has been destroyed.”
Lit., “stamp yourself down.”
Or, “like an insolent man.” Lit., “like a man of a shield.” Heb., keʼishʹ ma·ghenʹ.
Lit., “A man of belial.” Heb., ʼa·dhamʹ beli·yaʹʽal.
“A man of hurtfulness.” Heb., ʼish ʼaʹwen.
Or, “she,” fem.
“Bad woman,” MTSyVg; LXX, “married woman.”
Or, “is lacking good motive.” Heb., chasar-levʹ.
Or, “lacking good motive.” Heb., chasar-levʹ.
“Approach,” by a slight correction; M, “pupil (of the eye),” or, “middle.”
Lit., “the silver.”
Or, “with her.”
“Fettered,” by a change of vowel pointing; M, “an anklet (fetter).”
“That it involves his very soul (life).” Heb., ki-venaph·shohʹ huʼ; Gr., psy·khesʹ; Lat., aʹni·mae. See App 4A.
“Sheol.” Heb., sheʼohlʹ; Gr., haiʹdou; Lat., inʹfe·ri.
“Men.” Heb., ʼi·shimʹ, pl. of ʼish. See Isa 53:3 ftn, “Men.”
Lit., “earthling man.” Heb., ʼa·dhamʹ.
Or, “have good motive.” Heb., ha·viʹnu lev.
“Me,” MmarginTLXXSyVg; M, “it (her).”
“Than gold.” Heb., me·cha·rutsʹ.
“Produced me.” Heb., qa·naʹni; TLXX(Gr., eʹkti·senʹ me)Sy, “created me”; Lat., pos·seʹdit me, “possessed me.” See Ge 14:19 ftn.
“As the beginning of.” Heb., reʼ·shithʹ; Gr., ar·khenʹ; not bereʼ·shithʹ (Heb.) or en ar·kheiʹ (Gr.) as in Ge 1:1; Sy, “as the first”; TVgc(Lat., in i·niʹti·o), “in the beginning.”
Lit., “from the head.” Heb., me·roʼshʹ.
Or, “surging waters.” Heb., teho·mohthʹ. See Ge 1:2 ftn, “Deep.”
“Productive land.” Heb., te·velʹ; Lat., orʹbis terʹrae, “circle of the earth.”
Or, “a fosterling.” Heb., ʼa·mohnʹ; T, “proving faithful”; LXX, “acting suitably”; Vg, “composing all things.”
“At the productive land of.” Heb., bethe·velʹ; LXX, “the inhabited earth.”
Lit., “earthling man.” Heb., ʼa·dhamʹ.
Lit., “She slaughtered her slaughtering.”
Or, “Whoever is lacking good motive.” Heb., chasar-levʹ.
“Most Holy One.” Lit., “the holy ones.” Heb., Qedho·shimʹ, pl. of qa·dhohshʹ, to denote excellence and referring to “Jehovah.” See GK, § 124 h.
Or, “And whoever is lacking good motive.” Heb., wa·chasar-levʹ.
“Those impotent in death.” Heb., repha·ʼimʹ; TSyVg(Lat., gi·ganʹtes), “the giants”; LXX, “the earthborn ones.” Compare 2:18 ftn.
“Sheol.” Heb., sheʼohlʹ; Gr., haiʹdou; Lat., in·ferʹni.
Or, “violence will cover the very mouth of wicked people.” Compare vs 11.
Or, “well.” Heb., meqohrʹ.
Or, “one lacking good motive.” Heb., chasar-levʹ.
“Is on the path to life,” by altering the vowel pointing of M.
“Keep pasturing (shepherding).” Heb., yir·ʽuʹ.
Or, “for lack of good motive.” Heb., ba·chasar-levʹ.
Or, “and pain[ful effort] adds nothing to it.”
“Loose conduct.” Heb., zim·mahʹ. See Ga 5:19 ftn, “Conduct.”
“For the man of.” Heb., leʼishʹ.
“Will despoil them,” according to MmarginVg.
“Their,” TLXXSyVg; M omits.
Or, “earthling man.” Heb., ʼa·dhamʹ.
Or, “lacking good motive.” Heb., chasar-levʹ.
“But the man of.” Heb., weʼishʹ.
“Spirit.” Heb., ruʹach; Gr., pno·eiʹ, “breath”; Lat., aʹni·mi.
Or, “loyal love.”
“False wages,” that is, the reward for bad activity. Heb., pheʽul·lath-shaʹqer.
“True earnings,” that is, the reward for good activity. Heb., seʹkher ʼemethʹ.
“The one firmly standing for righteousness,” by a correction of M; T, “Thus whoever does righteousness”; LXXSy (reading ben for ken), “A son of righteousness (righteous son).”
Or, “tastefulness; good taste.”
Lit., “The soul with a blessing gift.”
“But the man of.” Heb., weʼishʹ.
Or, “earthling man.” Heb., ʼa·dhamʹ.
“A lying in wait.” In Heb. this is a verb in the infinitive construct.
“There is an overthrowing.” In Heb. this is a verb in the infinitive absolute, indefinite as to time and impersonal.
Or, “is lacking good motive.” Heb., chasar-levʹ.
Lit., “mouth of a man.” Heb., phi-ʼishʹ.
Lit., “hands of a man.” Heb., yedheh-ʼa·dhamʹ.
Lit., “will be only as long as I am inclined to give rest [or, to twinkle].”
“Man.” Heb., ʼa·dhamʹ.
“Man.” Heb., ʼish.
“Man’s.” Heb., ʼa·dhamʹ.
“But the very soul (soulful desire) of.” Heb., weneʹphesh; Gr., psy·khaiʹ; Lat., aʹni·ma.
By a slight correction; M appears to read, “wickedness is what distorts a sin offering.”
Or, “well.” Heb., meqohrʹ.
“Rugged,” according to the suggestion offered by BDB, p. 451; by a correction of M, “their disaster.”
Or, “thing.” Heb., da·varʹ.
Or, “loyal love.”
Lit., “A witness of truth.” Heb., ʽedh ʼemethʹ.
Lit., “a deception,” that is, a witness of deception. Heb., mir·mahʹ.
Lit., “but one that is short of spirit.” Heb., u·qetsar-ruʹach.
“Integrity,” by a slight correction of M to agree with LXXSy; M, “death.”
“In the house(s),” TLXXSy; MVg, “The house.”
“And [the place of] destruction.” Heb., wa·ʼavad·dohnʹ, “Abaddon.” See Job 26:6 ftn.
Or, “earthling man.” Heb., ʼa·dhamʹ.
“But . . . good (merry) at heart.” Heb., wetohv-levʹ.
Or, “to one lacking good motive.” Heb., la·chasar-levʹ.
Or, “considers, muttering.”
Or, “is acquiring good motive.” Heb., qohʹneh lev.
“To earthling man.” Heb., leʼa·dhamʹ.
“All the ways of a man.” Heb., kal-dar·kheh-ʼishʹ.
Or, “loyal love.”
“A grand king.” Lit., “kings,” pl. to denote majesty, as in vs 12.
Lit., “he will cover it.” Heb., yekhap·perenʹnah.
Lit., “height (haughtiness) of spirit.” Heb., goʹvah ruʹach.
Lit., “lowness of spirit.” Heb., shephal-ruʹach.
“Meek ones,” Mmargin; M, “afflicted ones.”
Or, “soulful desire.”
Lit., “A man of belial.” Heb., ʼish beli·yaʹʽal.
“Grand owner.” Lit., “owners,” pl. to denote grandeur. See GK, § 124 i.
Or, “when he has no good motive.” Heb., welev-ʼaʹyin.
Or, “and a brother himself is born even for when there is distress.”
Or, “that is lacking good motive.” Heb., chasar-levʹ.
Lit., “is striking the palm (hand).” Heb., toh·qeʹaʽ kaph.
“Does good to the body,” by a correction of M.
Lit., “to the lord of ruin.”
Lit., “is put on high,” that is, out of reach, safe.
“The spirit of a man.” Heb., ru·ach-ʼishʹ.
Lit., “A gift of an earthling man.” Heb., mat·tanʹ ʼa·dhamʹ.
“Man’s.” Heb., ʼish.
Lit., “in [the] hand of.” Heb., beyadhʹ.
“Good,” LXXSyVgc and one Heb. ms; M omits.
“There exist,” TSy; M, “A man of.”
“Lips,” MVg; TSy and about 50 Heb. mss, “ways.”
Or, “missing the mark.” See Ro 3:23.
Or, “He that is acquiring good motive.” Heb., qo·neh-levʹ.
Or, “The insight of an earthling man.” Heb., seʹkhel ʼa·dhamʹ.
“In the heart of a man.” Heb., belev-ʼishʹ.
“The desirable thing in earthling man.” Heb., ta·ʼawathʹ ʼa·dhamʹ.
Lit., “A witness of belial.” Heb., ʽedh beli·yaʹʽal.
“A multitude of men.” Heb., rov-ʼa·dhamʹ.
Or, “loyal love.”
Lit., “but a man of faithfulnesses.” Heb., weʼishʹ ʼemu·nimʹ.
“Judgment.” Heb., dhin; Lat., iu·diʹci·i.
“Is wide open,” by another derivation.
“Got by greed,” M; TSyVg, “got hastily.”
“A wheel,” M; by a slight correction, “their own hurtfulness.”
“The breath of.” Heb., nish·mathʹ, as in Ge 2:7.
Or, “and truth.” Heb., we·ʼemethʹ.
Or, “are [more preferable to them than] a sin offering.”
Or, “The way of a man, even a stranger, is crooked”; or, “The way of a man is crooked and strange.”
“And by acting with discretion the wise one gets knowledge,” T.
Or, “is acting discreetly toward the house.”
Or, “earthling man.” Heb., ʼa·dhamʹ.
“Those impotent in death.” Heb., repha·ʼimʹ; TSy, “the sons of earth”; LXXVg, “giants.”
“A name,” M(Heb., shem)Sy; TLXXVg, “A good name.”
Lit., “at the mouth (opening) of.”
“God loves the purehearted one,” TSy; LXX, “Jehovah loves pure hearts.”
“Caused you to know your paths today,” by a slight correction of M, in agreement with LXX.
Or, “in thirty sections (parts).” M is unclear.
“Truthfulness of,” qosht, a word found in Biblical Aram., as in Da 2:47.
Or, “life.” Heb., naʹphesh; Gr., psy·khenʹ; Lat., aʹni·mam. See App 4A.
Lit., “soul.” Heb., neʹphesh; Lat., aʹni·mam.
Lit., “evil as to eye.” Heb., raʽ ʽaʹyin.
“From Sheol.” Heb., mish·sheʼohlʹ; LXX, “death”; Syr., shiul; Lat., in·ferʹno. See App 4B.
Or, “my deepest emotions.” Heb., khil·yoh·thaiʹ.
Or, “strange women.”
“The wise one is superior to the strong one, and a man of knowledge to the one vigorous in power,” by slight changes of M and in agreement with LXX.
Or, “is as corals.”
“My son, fear Jehovah [Heb., Yehwahʹ] and the king.” Gr., pho·bouʹ ton the·onʹ, hui·eʹ, kai ba·si·leʹa, “[My] son, fear God and the king.” Two distinct persons, “God” and “king,” are connected in Gr. by kai, “and.” In Gr. the definite article occurs before the first person, but it was not necessary before the second person, so it was omitted. See App 6E.
Lit., “To discern faces.”
Or, “the earthling man in need of good motive.” Heb., ʼa·dhamʹ chasar-levʹ.
Lit., “like a man of a shield.” Heb., keʼishʹ ma·ghenʹ.
“Let there be a removing.” In Heb. this is a verb in the infinitive absolute, indefinite as to time and impersonal.
“All of it will come forth refined,” by slight changes in M and in agreement with LXX; M, “a vessel will come forth for the refiner.”
“Special gold.” Heb., khaʹthem, an Egyptian loanword.
Or, “the one sending,” pl. in M, to denote excellence.
Or, “for . . . the very life.” Heb., weneʹphesh.
Or, “his master.” Heb., ʼadho·navʹ, pl., possibly to denote excellence.
“A man.” Heb., ʼish.
Lit., “In length (slowness) of nostrils (anger).”
Lit., “and a mouth smooth.”
Or, “friend.” Heb., ʼoh·hevʹ.
Possibly, “are excessive”; or, “are corrupted,” by corrections of M.
Or, “and the oil of his right hand calls out (betrays itself).”
“So one man.” Heb., weʼishʹ.
So this vs may read by slight changes of vowel pointing of M, to agree with TLXXSyVg.
“His master.” Heb., ʼadho·navʹ, pl. of ʼa·dhohnʹ, to denote excellence.
Lit., “so the heart of the earthling man.” Heb., ken lev-ha·ʼa·dhamʹ.
“And [the place of] destruction.” Heb., wa·ʼavad·dohʹ, “Abaddon.” Compare Job 26:6 ftn.
Lit., “but by an earthling man discerning.” Heb., u·veʼa·dhamʹ me·vinʹ.
“A man of faithful acts.” Heb., ʼish ʼemu·nohthʹ.
Lit., “To discern faces.”
Lit., “making smooth a tongue.” Or, “using a smooth tongue.”
Lit., “an earthling man.” Heb., ʼa·dhamʹ.
Lit., “A man.” Heb., ʼish.
Or, “it,” sing., referring to the “people.”
“A thankless one.” Heb., ma·nohnʹ, of uncertain meaning.
Lit., “and a master of rage.” Heb., u·vaʹʽal che·mahʹ.
Lit., “earthling man.” Heb., ʼa·dhamʹ.
“The Most Holy One.” Heb., Qedho·shimʹ, pl. of qa·dhohshʹ, to denote excellence and majesty. See 9:10 ftn.
“Every saying of God.” Heb., kol-ʼim·rathʹ ʼElohʹah.
“The name of my God.” Heb., shem ʼElo·haiʹ, pl. of ʼElohʹah.
“His master.” Mmargin(Heb.), ʼadho·navʹ, pl. of ʼa·dhohnʹ, to denote excellence.
Lit., “from among earthling man.” Heb., me·ʼa·dhamʹ; but possibly meant to read me·ʼadha·mahʹ, “from the ground.”
Lit., “restraint of the womb.”
“Impossible things; too difficult,” LXX; Lat., dif·fi·ciʹli·a, “difficult things.”
Lit., “are wise ones, being made wise.”
Or, “in the palaces.” Heb., beheh·khelehʹ.
Or, “the rooster”; or, “the war-horse.” Lit., “the [animal] girded in at the hips (loins).”
Or, “a king against whom there is no rising up by his people.”
Meaning “Belonging to God.”
Lit., “O my son.” Heb., beriʹ (from bar, which is Biblical Aram.). See Ps 2:12 ftn, “Son.”
Lit., “all the sons of the passing away.”
“Her owner.” Heb., baʽ·lahʹ.
Or, “her bread.” Heb., lach·mahʹ (from leʹchem, as in vs 27).
Lit., “things carried off.” Heb., teʹreph.
“Double garments,” by a slight change in vowel pointing, to agree with LXX; M, “scarlet garments.”
Or, “loyal love.”
“And the bread of laziness.” Heb., weleʹchem ʽats·luthʹ.
Some ed. of the Heb. text display the trigrammaton, or three letters, Chehth, Zaʹyin, Qohph (ח ז ק) that stand as King Hezekiah’s signature to the copy-work done by his scribes to signify that the work had been completed.