1 Paul, a slave+ of Jesus Christ and called+ to be an apostle,+ separated to God’s good news,+ 2 which he promised aforetime through his prophets+ in the holy Scriptures, 3 concerning his Son, who sprang from the seed* of David+ according to the flesh,+ 4 but who with power+ was declared* God’s Son+ according to the spirit+ of holiness by means of resurrection from the dead+—yes, Jesus Christ our Lord, 5 through whom we* received undeserved kindness+ and an apostleship+ in order that there might be obedience of faith among all the nations+ respecting his name, 6 among which [nations] YOU also are those called to belong to Jesus Christ— 7 to all those who are in Rome as God’s beloved ones, called+ to be holy ones:*+
8 First of all, I give thanks+ to my God through Jesus Christ concerning all of YOU, because YOUR faith is talked about+ throughout the whole world. 9 For God, to whom I render sacred service* with my spirit in connection with the good news about his Son, is my witness+ of how without ceasing I always make mention of YOU in my prayers,+ 10 begging that if at all possible I may now at last be prospered in the will+ of God so as to come to YOU. 11 For I am longing to see YOU,+ that I may impart some spiritual gift+ to YOU in order for YOU to be made firm; 12 or, rather, that there may be an interchange of encouragement*+ among YOU, by each one through the other’s faith,+ both YOURS and mine.
13 But I do not want YOU to fail to know, brothers,+ that I many times purposed to come to YOU,+ but I have been hindered until now, in order that I might acquire some fruitage+ also among YOU even as among the rest of the nations. 14 Both to Greeks and to Barbarians,* both to wise+ and to senseless ones I am a debtor: 15 so there is eagerness on my part to declare the good news+ also to YOU there in Rome.+ 16 For I am not ashamed+ of the good news; it is, in fact, God’s power+ for salvation to everyone having faith,+ to the Jew first*+ and also to the Greek;+ 17 for in it God’s righteousness+ is being revealed by reason of faith+ and toward faith, just as it is written: “But the righteous one—by means of faith he will live.”+
18 For God’s wrath+ is being revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness+ of men who are suppressing the truth+ in an unrighteous way,+ 19 because what may be known about God is manifest among them,+ for God made it manifest to them.+ 20 For his invisible+ [qualities] are clearly seen from the world’s* creation onward,+ because they are perceived by the things made,+ even his eternal power+ and Godship,*+ so that they are inexcusable;+ 21 because, although they knew God, they did not glorify him as God nor did they thank him,+ but they became empty-headed+ in their reasonings and their unintelligent heart became darkened.+ 22 Although asserting they were wise, they became foolish+ 23 and turned the glory+ of the incorruptible God into something like the image+ of corruptible man and of birds and four-footed creatures and creeping things.+
24 Therefore God, in keeping with the desires of their hearts, gave them up to uncleanness,+ that their bodies+ might be dishonored among them,+ 25 even those who exchanged the truth+ of God for the lie+ and venerated and rendered sacred service to the creation rather than the One who created, who is blessed forever. Amen.* 26 That is why God gave them up to disgraceful sexual appetites,+ for both their females changed the natural use of themselves into one contrary to nature;+ 27 and likewise even the males left the natural use of the female+ and became violently inflamed in their lust toward one another, males with males,+ working what is obscene*+ and receiving in themselves the full recompense,+ which was due for their error.+
28 And just as they did not approve of holding God in accurate knowledge,+ God gave them up to a disapproved mental state,+ to do the things not fitting,+ 29 filled as they were with all unrighteousness,+ wickedness,+ covetousness,+ badness,+ being full of envy,+ murder,+ strife,+ deceit,+ malicious disposition,+ being whisperers,+ 30 backbiters,+ haters of God, insolent,+ haughty,+ self-assuming,+ inventors of injurious things,+ disobedient to parents,+ 31 without understanding,+ false to agreements,*+ having no natural affection,+ merciless.+ 32 Although these know full well the righteous decree of God,+ that those practicing such things are deserving of death,+ they not only keep on doing them but also consent+ with those practicing them.
2 Therefore you are inexcusable, O man,+ whoever you are, if you judge;+ for in the thing in which you judge another, you condemn yourself, inasmuch as you that judge+ practice the same things.+ 2 Now we know that the judgment of God is, in accord with truth,+ against those who practice such things.
3 But do you have this idea, O man,+ while you judge those who practice such things and yet you do them, that you will escape the judgment of God?+ 4 Or do you despise the riches of his kindness+ and forbearance+ and long-suffering,+ because you do not know that the kindly [quality] of God is trying to lead you to repentance?*+ 5 But according to your hardness+ and unrepentant heart+ you are storing up wrath+ for yourself on the day of wrath+ and of the revealing+ of God’s righteous judgment.+ 6 And he will render to each one according to his works:+ 7 everlasting life to those who are seeking glory and honor and incorruptibleness+ by endurance in work that is good; 8 however, for those who are contentious+ and who disobey the truth+ but obey unrighteousness there will be wrath and anger,+ 9 tribulation and distress, upon the soul of every man who works what is injurious, of the Jew+ first and also of the Greek;+ 10 but glory and honor and peace for everyone who works what is good,+ for the Jew first+ and also for the Greek.+ 11 For there is no partiality with God.+
12 For instance, all those who sinned without law will also perish without law;+ but all those who sinned under law+ will be judged by law.+ 13 For the hearers of law are not the ones righteous before God, but the doers+ of law will be declared righteous.+ 14 For whenever people of the nations+ that do not have law+ do by nature the things of the law,+ these people, although not having law, are a law to themselves. 15 They are the very ones who demonstrate the matter of the law to be written in their hearts,+ while their conscience+ is bearing witness with them and, between their own thoughts, they are being accused+ or even excused. 16 This will be in the day when God through Christ Jesus judges+ the secret+ things of mankind,+ according to the good news I declare.+
17 If, now, you are a Jew in name+ and are resting upon law+ and taking pride in God,+ 18 and you know his will+ and approve of things that are excellent* because you are orally instructed out of the Law;+ 19 and you are persuaded that you are a guide of the blind,+ a light for those in darkness,+ 20 a corrector of the unreasonable ones,+ a teacher of babes,+ and having the framework*+ of the knowledge and of the truth+ in the Law— 21 do you, however, the one teaching someone else, not teach yourself?+ You, the one preaching “Do not steal,”+ do you steal?+ 22 You, the one saying “Do not commit adultery,”*+ do you commit adultery? You, the one expressing abhorrence of the idols, do you rob+ temples? 23 You, who take pride in law, do you by your transgressing of the Law+ dishonor God? 24 For “the name of God is being blasphemed on account of YOU people among the nations”;+ just as it is written.
25 Circumcision+ is, in fact, of benefit only if you practice law;+ but if you are a transgressor of law, your circumcision+ has become uncircumcision.+ 26 If, therefore, an uncircumcised+ person keeps the righteous requirements+ of the Law, his uncircumcision will be counted as circumcision, will it not?+ 27 And the uncircumcised [person] that is such by nature will, by carrying out the Law, judge you+ who with its written code and circumcision are a transgressor of law. 28 For he is not a Jew who is one on the outside,+ nor is circumcision that which is on the outside upon the flesh.+ 29 But he is a Jew who is one on the inside,+ and [his] circumcision is that of the heart+ by spirit, and not by a written code.+ The praise+ of that one comes, not from men, but from God.+
3 What, then, is the superiority of the Jew,+ or what is the benefit of the circumcision?+ 2 A great deal in every way. First of all, because they were entrusted with the sacred pronouncements* of God.+ 3 What, then, [is the case]? If some did not express faith,+ will their lack of faith perhaps make the faithfulness+ of God without effect?+ 4 Never may that happen! But let God be found true,+ though every man be found a liar,+ even as it is written: “That you might be proved righteous in your words and might win when you are being judged.”+ 5 However, if our unrighteousness brings God’s righteousness+ to the fore, what shall we say? God is not unjust+ when he vents his wrath, is he? (I am speaking as a man+ does.) 6 Never may that happen! How, otherwise, will God judge the world?+
7 Yet if by reason of my lie the truth of God+ has been made more prominent to his glory, why am I also yet being judged as a sinner?+ 8 And [why] not [say], just as it is falsely charged+ to us and just as some men state that we say: “Let us do the bad things that the good things may come”?+ The judgment+ against those [men] is in harmony with justice.+
9 What then? Are we in a better position?+ Not at all! For above we have made the charge that Jews as well as Greeks are all under sin;*+ 10 just as it is written: “There is not a righteous [man], not even one;+ 11 there is no one that has any insight, there is no one that seeks for God.+ 12 All [men] have deflected, all of them together have become worthless; there is no one that does kindness, there is not so much as one.”+ 13 “Their throat is an opened grave, they have used deceit with their tongues.”+ “Poison of asps is behind their lips.”+ 14 “And their mouth is full of cursing and bitter expression.”+ 15 “Their feet are speedy to shed blood.”+ 16 “Ruin and misery are in their ways,+ 17 and they have not known the way of peace.”+ 18 “There is no fear of God before their eyes.”*+
19 Now we know that all the things the Law*+ says it addresses to those under the Law, so that every mouth may be stopped+ and all the world may become liable+ to God for punishment.+ 20 Therefore by works of law no flesh will be declared righteous+ before him, for by law+ is the accurate knowledge of sin.+
21 But now apart from law God’s righteousness+ has been made manifest, as it is borne witness+ to by the Law+ and the Prophets;+ 22 yes, God’s righteousness through the faith in Jesus* Christ,+ for all those having faith.+ For there is no distinction.+ 23 For all have sinned+ and fall short of the glory of God,+ 24 and it is as a free gift+ that they are being declared righteous by his undeserved kindness+ through the release by the ransom+ [paid] by Christ* Jesus. 25 God set him forth as an offering for propitiation*+ through faith in his blood.+ This was in order to exhibit his own righteousness, because he was forgiving the sins+ that occurred in the past while God was exercising forbearance;+ 26 so as to exhibit his own righteousness+ in this present season, that he might be righteous even when declaring righteous+ the man that has faith in Jesus.
27 Where, then, is the boasting?+ It is shut out. Through what law?+ That of works?+ No indeed, but through the law of faith.+ 28 For we reckon that a man is declared righteous* by faith apart from works of law.+ 29 Or is he the God of the Jews only?+ Is he not also of people of the nations?+ Yes, of people of the nations also,+ 30 if truly God is one,+ who will declare circumcised+ people righteous as a result of faith and uncircumcised+ people righteous by means of their faith. 31 Do we, then, abolish law by means of our faith?+ Never may that happen! On the contrary, we establish law.+
4 That being so, what shall we say about Abraham our forefather+ according to the flesh?* 2 If, for instance, Abraham were declared righteous as a result of works,+ he would have ground for boasting; but not with God. 3 For what does the scripture say? “Abraham exercised faith in Jehovah,* and it was counted to him as righteousness.”+ 4 Now to the man that works+ the pay is counted,* not as an undeserved kindness,+ but as a debt.+ 5 On the other hand, to the man that does not work but puts faith+ in him who declares the ungodly one righteous, his faith is counted as righteousness.+ 6 Just as David also speaks of the happiness* of the man to whom God counts righteousness apart from works: 7 “Happy are those whose lawless deeds have been pardoned+ and whose sins have been covered;+ 8 happy is the man whose sin Jehovah* will by no means take into account.”+
9 Does this happiness, then, come upon circumcised people or also upon uncircumcised people?+ For we say: “His faith was counted to Abraham as righteousness.”+ 10 Under what circumstances, then, was it counted? When he was in circumcision or in uncircumcision?+ Not in circumcision, but in uncircumcision. 11 And he received a sign,+ namely, circumcision, as a seal* of the righteousness by the faith he had while in his uncircumcised state, that he might be the father+ of all those having faith+ while in uncircumcision, in order for righteousness to be counted to them; 12 and a father of circumcised offspring, not only to those who adhere to circumcision, but also to those who walk orderly in the footsteps of that faith while in the uncircumcised state which our father+ Abraham had.
13 For it was not through law that Abraham or his seed had the promise+ that he should be heir of a world, but it was through the righteousness by faith.+ 14 For if those who adhere to law are heirs, faith has been made useless and the promise has been abolished.+ 15 In reality the Law produces wrath,+ but where there is no law, neither is there any transgression.+
16 On this account it was as a result of faith, that it might be according to undeserved kindness,+ in order for the promise+ to be sure to all his seed,+ not only to that which adheres to the Law, but also to that which adheres to the faith of Abraham. (He is the father+ of us all, 17 just as it is written: “I have appointed you a father of many nations.”)+ This was in the sight of the One in whom he had faith, even of God, who makes the dead alive+ and calls* the things that are not as though they were.+ 18 Although beyond hope, yet based on hope he had faith,+ that he might become the father of many nations+ in accord with what had been said: “So your seed will be.”+ 19 And, although he did not grow weak in faith, he considered his own body, now already deadened,+ as he was about one hundred years old,+ also the deadness of the womb of Sarah.+ 20 But because of the promise+ of God he did not waver in a lack of faith,+ but became powerful by his faith,+ giving God glory 21 and being fully convinced that what he had promised he was also able to do.+ 22 Hence “it was counted to him as righteousness.”+
23 That “it was counted+ to him” was written, however, not for his sake only,+ 24 but also for the sake of us to whom it is destined to be counted, because we believe on him who raised Jesus our Lord up from the dead.+ 25 He was delivered up for the sake of our trespasses+ and was raised up for the sake of declaring us righteous.+
5 Therefore, now that we have been declared righteous as a result of faith,+ let us enjoy peace+ with God through our Lord Jesus Christ, 2 through whom also we have gained our approach+ by faith* into this undeserved kindness in which we now stand; and let us exult, based on hope+ of the glory of God. 3 And not only that, but let us exult while in tribulations,+ since we know that tribulation produces endurance;+ 4 endurance, in turn, an approved condition;+ the approved condition, in turn, hope,+ 5 and the hope does not lead to disappointment;*+ because the love of God+ has been poured out into our hearts+ through the holy spirit,+ which was given us.
6 For, indeed, Christ, while we were yet weak,+ died for ungodly men* at the appointed time.+ 7 For hardly will anyone die for a righteous [man];+ indeed, for the good+ [man], perhaps, someone even dares to die.+ 8 But God recommends his own love+ to us in that, while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us.+ 9 Much more, therefore, since we have been declared righteous now by his blood,+ shall we be saved through him from wrath.+ 10 For if, when we were enemies,+ we became reconciled to God through the death of his Son,+ much more, now that we have become reconciled, we shall be saved by his life.+ 11 And not only that, but we are also exulting in God through our Lord Jesus Christ,* through whom we have now received the reconciliation.+
12 That is why, just as through one man+ sin entered into the world and death+ through sin, and thus death spread to all men because they had all sinned+—. 13 For until the Law sin was in the world, but sin is not charged against anyone when there is no law.+ 14 Nevertheless, death ruled as king from Adam down to Moses,+ even over those who had not sinned after the likeness of the transgression by Adam,+ who bears a resemblance to him* that was to come.+
15 But it is not with the gift as it was with the trespass. For if by one man’s trespass many died, the undeserved kindness of God and his free gift with the undeserved kindness by the one man+ Jesus Christ abounded much more to many.+ 16 Also, it is not with the free gift+ as it was with the way things worked through the one [man] that sinned.+ For the judgment+ resulted from one trespass in condemnation,+ but the gift resulted from many trespasses in a declaration of righteousness.*+ 17 For if by the trespass of the one [man]+ death ruled as king+ through that one, much more will those who receive the abundance of the undeserved kindness+ and of the free gift*+ of righteousness rule as kings+ in life through the one [person], Jesus Christ.+
18 So, then, as through one trespass the result to men of all sorts was condemnation,+ likewise also through one act of justification*+ the result to men of all sorts+ is a declaring of them righteous for life.+ 19 For just as through the disobedience of the one man many+ were constituted sinners, likewise also through the obedience+ of the one [person] many+ will be constituted righteous.+ 20 Now the Law+ came in beside* in order that trespassing might abound.+ But where sin+ abounded, undeserved kindness+ abounded still more. 21 To what end? That, just as sin ruled as king with death,+ likewise also undeserved kindness+ might rule as king through righteousness with everlasting life+ in view through Jesus Christ our Lord.
6 Consequently, what shall we say? Shall we continue in sin, that undeserved kindness may abound?+ 2 Never may that happen! Seeing that we died with reference to sin,+ how shall we keep on living any longer in it?+ 3 Or do YOU not know that all of us who were baptized into Christ Jesus*+ were baptized into his death?+ 4 Therefore we were buried+ with him through our baptism into his death, in order that, just as Christ was raised up from the dead through the glory of the Father,+ we also should likewise walk in a newness of life.+ 5 For if we have become united with him* in the likeness of his death,+ we shall certainly also be [united with him in the likeness] of his resurrection;+ 6 because we know that our old personality* was impaled with [him],+ that our sinful body* might be made inactive,+ that we should no longer go on being slaves to sin.+ 7 For he who has died has been acquitted* from [his] sin.+
8 Moreover, if we have died with Christ, we believe that we shall also live with him.+ 9 For we know that Christ, now that he has been raised up from the dead,+ dies no more;+ death is master over him no more. 10 For [the death] that he died, he died with reference to sin once for all time;+ but [the life] that he lives, he lives with reference to God.+ 11 Likewise also YOU: reckon yourselves to be dead+ indeed with reference to sin but living+ with reference to God by Christ Jesus.
12 Therefore do not let sin continue to rule as king+ in YOUR mortal bodies that YOU should obey their desires.+ 13 Neither go on presenting YOUR members to sin+ as weapons of unrighteousness,+ but present yourselves to God as those alive+ from the dead, also YOUR members to God as weapons+ of righteousness. 14 For sin must* not be master over YOU, seeing that YOU are not under law+ but under undeserved kindness.+
15 What follows? Shall we commit a sin because we are not under law+ but under undeserved kindness?+ Never may that happen! 16 Do YOU not know that if YOU keep presenting yourselves to anyone as slaves to obey him, YOU are slaves of him because YOU obey him,+ either of sin+ with death in view+ or of obedience+ with righteousness+ in view? 17 But thanks to God that YOU were the slaves of sin but YOU became obedient from the heart to that form of teaching to which YOU were handed over.+ 18 Yes, since YOU were set free+ from sin, YOU became slaves+ to righteousness.+ 19 I am speaking in human terms because of the weakness of YOUR flesh:+ for even as YOU presented YOUR members+ as slaves to uncleanness+ and lawlessness with lawlessness in view,* so now present YOUR members as slaves to righteousness with holiness in view.+ 20 For when YOU were slaves of sin,+ YOU were free as to righteousness.
21 What, then, was the fruit+ that YOU used to have at that time? Things*+ of which YOU are now ashamed. For the end* of those things is death.+ 22 However, now, because YOU were set free from sin but became slaves to God,+ YOU are having YOUR fruit+ in the way of holiness, and the end everlasting life.+ 23 For the wages* sin pays is death,+ but the gift*+ God gives is everlasting life+ by Christ Jesus our Lord.+
7 Can it be that YOU do not know, brothers, (for I am speaking to those who know law,) that the Law is master over a man as long as he lives?+ 2 For instance, a married woman* is bound by law to her husband while he is alive; but if her husband dies, she is discharged from the law of her husband.+ 3 So, then, while her husband is living, she would be styled an adulteress* if she became another man’s.+ But if her husband dies, she is free from his law, so that she is not an adulteress if she becomes another man’s.+
4 So, my brothers, YOU also were made dead to the Law+ through the body of the Christ, that YOU might become another’s,+ the one’s who was raised up from the dead,+ that we should bear fruit+ to God. 5 For when we were in accord with the flesh,+ the sinful passions that were excited by the Law were at work in our members that we should bring forth fruit to death.+ 6 But now we have been discharged from the Law,+ because we have died+ to that by which we were being held fast, that we might be slaves*+ in a new sense by the spirit,+ and not in the old sense by the written code.+
7 What, then, shall we say? Is the Law sin?+ Never may that become so! Really I would not have come to know sin+ if it had not been for the Law; and, for example, I would not have known covetousness+ if the Law had not said: “You must* not covet.”+ 8 But sin, receiving an inducement through the commandment,+ worked out in me covetousness of every sort, for apart from law sin was dead.+ 9 In fact, I was once alive apart from law;+ but when the commandment arrived,+ sin came to life again, but I died.+ 10 And the commandment which was to life,+ this I found to be to death.+ 11 For sin, receiving an inducement through the commandment, seduced+ me and killed me through it. 12 Wherefore, on its part, the Law is holy,+ and the commandment is holy and righteous+ and good.+
13 Did, then, what is good become death to me? Never may that happen! But sin did, that it might be shown as sin working out death for me through that which is good;+ that sin might become far more sinful through the commandment.+ 14 For we know that the Law is spiritual;+ but I am fleshly, sold under sin.+ 15 For what I am working out I do not know. For what I wish,* this I do not practice; but what I hate is what I do. 16 However, if what I do not wish is what I do,+ I agree that the Law is fine.+ 17 But now the one working it out is no longer I, but sin that resides in me.+ 18 For I know that in me, that is, in my flesh, there dwells nothing good;+ for ability to wish+ is present with me, but ability to work out+ what is fine is not [present]. 19 For the good that I wish I do not do,+ but the bad that I do not wish is what I practice. 20 If, now, what I do not wish is what I do, the one working it out is no longer I, but the sin dwelling in me.+
21 I find, then, this law in my case: that when I wish to do what is right,+ what is bad is present with me.+ 22 I really delight+ in the law of God according to the man+ I am within, 23 but I behold in my members+ another law warring+ against the law of my mind+ and leading me captive to sin’s law+ that is in my members. 24 Miserable* man that I am! Who will rescue me from the body undergoing this death?+ 25 Thanks to God through Jesus Christ our Lord!+ So, then, with [my] mind I myself am a slave to God’s law,+ but with [my] flesh to sin’s law.+
8 Therefore those in union with Christ Jesus have no condemnation.+ 2 For the law+ of that spirit+ which gives life+ in union with Christ Jesus has set you free+ from the law of sin and of death.+ 3 For, there being an incapability on the part of the Law,+ while it was weak+ through the flesh, God, by sending his own Son+ in the likeness of sinful flesh+ and concerning sin,+ condemned sin in the flesh, 4 that the righteous requirement of the Law might be fulfilled+ in us who walk, not in accord with the flesh, but in accord with the spirit.+ 5 For those who are in accord with the flesh set their minds on the things of the flesh,+ but those in accord with the spirit on the things of the spirit.+ 6 For the minding of the flesh means death,+ but the minding of the spirit+ means life and peace; 7 because the minding of the flesh means enmity+ with God, for it is not under subjection+ to the law of God, nor, in fact, can it be. 8 So those who are in harmony with the flesh+ cannot please God.
9 However, YOU are in harmony, not with the flesh, but with the spirit,+ if God’s spirit truly dwells in YOU.+ But if anyone does not have Christ’s spirit,+ this one does not belong to him. 10 But if Christ is in union with YOU,+ the body indeed is dead on account of sin, but the spirit is life+ on account of righteousness. 11 If, now, the spirit of him that raised up Jesus from the dead dwells in YOU, he that raised up Christ Jesus from the dead+ will also make YOUR mortal bodies alive+ through his spirit that resides in YOU.
12 So, then, brothers, we are under obligation, not to the flesh to live in accord with the flesh;+ 13 for if YOU live in accord with the flesh YOU are sure to die;+ but if YOU put the practices of the body to death+ by the spirit, YOU will live. 14 For all who are led by God’s spirit, these are God’s sons.+ 15 For YOU did not receive a spirit of slavery causing fear+ again, but YOU received a spirit+ of adoption+ as sons,* by which spirit we cry out: “Abba,*+ Father!” 16 The spirit+ itself bears witness+ with our spirit+ that we are God’s children.+ 17 If, then, we are children, we are also heirs: heirs indeed of God, but joint heirs+ with Christ, provided we suffer+ together that we may also be glorified together.+
18 Consequently I reckon that the sufferings+ of the present season do not amount to anything in comparison with the glory+ that is going to be revealed in us. 19 For the eager expectation+ of the creation+ is waiting for the revealing of the sons of God.+ 20 For the creation was subjected to futility,+ not by its own will but through him that subjected it, on the basis of hope+ 21 that* the creation+ itself also will be set free+ from enslavement to corruption and have the glorious freedom of the children of God. 22 For we know that all creation keeps on groaning together and being in pain together until now. 23 Not only that, but we ourselves also who have the firstfruits,+ namely, the spirit, yes, we ourselves groan+ within ourselves, while we are earnestly waiting for adoption as sons,*+ the release from our bodies by ransom. 24 For we were saved in [this] hope;+ but hope that is seen is not hope, for when a man sees a thing, does he hope for it? 25 But if we hope+ for what we do not see,+ we keep on waiting for it with endurance.+
26 In like manner the spirit+ also joins in with help for our weakness;+ for the [problem of] what we should pray for as we need to we do not know,+ but the spirit+ itself pleads for us with groanings unuttered.* 27 Yet he who searches the hearts+ knows what the meaning* of the spirit+ is, because it is pleading in accord with God for holy ones.+
28 Now we know that God* makes all his works+ cooperate together for the good of those who love God, those who are the ones called according to his purpose;+ 29 because those whom he gave his first recognition*+ he also foreordained*+ to be patterned+ after the image+ of his Son, that he might be the firstborn+ among many brothers.+ 30 Moreover, those whom he foreordained+ are the ones he also called;+ and those whom he called are the ones he also declared to be righteous.+ Finally those whom he declared righteous are the ones he also glorified.+
31 What, then, shall we say to these things? If God is for us, who will be* against us?+ 32 He who did not even spare his own Son+ but delivered him up for us all,+ why will he not also with him kindly give us all other things?+ 33 Who will file accusation against God’s chosen ones?+ God is the One who declares [them] righteous.+ 34 Who is he that will condemn? Christ Jesus* is the one who died, yes, rather the one who was raised up from the dead,* who is on the right hand+ of God, who also pleads for us.+
35 Who will separate us from the love of the Christ?*+ Will tribulation or distress or persecution or hunger or nakedness or danger or sword?+ 36 Just as it is written: “For your sake we are being put to death all day long, we have been accounted as sheep for slaughtering.”+ 37 To the contrary, in all these things we are coming off completely victorious+ through him that loved us. 38 For I am convinced that neither death nor life+ nor angels+ nor governments+ nor things now here nor things to come nor powers+ 39 nor height nor depth nor any other creation will be able to separate us from God’s love that is in Christ Jesus our Lord.+
9 I am telling the truth+ in Christ; I am not lying,+ since my conscience bears witness with me in holy spirit, 2 that I have great grief and unceasing pain in my heart.+ 3 For I could wish that I myself were separated as the cursed one* from the Christ in behalf of my brothers,+ my relatives according to the flesh,+ 4 who, as such, are Israelites,+ to whom belong the adoption as sons+ and the glory+ and the covenants+ and the giving of the Law+ and the sacred service*+ and the promises;+ 5 to whom the forefathers+ belong and from whom the Christ [sprang] according to the flesh:+ God,+ who is over all,* [be] blessed forever. Amen.
6 However, it is not as though the word of God had failed.+ For not all who [spring] from Israel are really “Israel.”+ 7 Neither because they are Abraham’s seed are they all children,+ but: “What will be called ‘your seed’ will be through Isaac.”+ 8 That is, the children in the flesh+ are not really the children of God,+ but the children by the promise+ are counted as the seed. 9 For the word of promise was as follows: “At this time I will come and Sarah will have a son.”+ 10 Yet not that case alone, but also when Re·bekʹah conceived twins+ from the one [man], Isaac our forefather: 11 for when they had not yet been born nor had practiced anything good or vile,+ in order that the purpose of God respecting the choosing might continue dependent, not upon works, but upon the One who calls,+ 12 it was said to her: “The older will be the slave of the younger.”+ 13 Just as it is written: “I loved Jacob, but Eʹsau I hated.”+
14 What shall we say, then? Is there injustice with God?+ Never may that become so! 15 For he says to Moses: “I will have mercy upon whomever I do have mercy, and I will show compassion to whomever I do show compassion.”+ 16 So, then, it depends, not upon the one wishing nor upon the one running, but upon God,+ who has mercy.+ 17 For the Scripture says to Pharʹaoh: “For this very cause I have let you remain,* that in connection with you I may show my power, and that my name may be declared in all the earth.”+ 18 So, then, upon whom he wishes he has mercy,+ but whom he wishes he lets become obstinate.+
19 You will therefore say to me: “Why does he yet find fault? For who has withstood his express will?”+ 20 O man,+ who, then, really are you to be answering back to God?+ Shall the thing molded say to him that molded it, “Why did you make me this way?”+ 21 What? Does not the potter+ have authority over the clay to make from the same lump one vessel for an honorable use, another for a dishonorable use?+ 22 If, now, God, although having the will to demonstrate his wrath and to make his power known, tolerated with much long-suffering vessels of wrath made fit for destruction,+ 23 in order that he might make known the riches+ of his glory upon vessels+ of mercy, which he prepared beforehand for glory,+ 24 namely, us, whom he called not only from among Jews but also from among nations,+ [what of it]? 25 It is as he says also in Ho·seʹa: “Those not my people+ I will call ‘my people,’ and her who was not beloved ‘beloved’;+ 26 and in the place where it was said to them, ‘YOU are not my people,’ there they will be called ‘sons of the living God.’”+
27 Moreover, Isaiah cries out concerning Israel: “Although the number of the sons of Israel may be as the sand of the sea,+ it is the remnant that will be saved.+ 28 For Jehovah* will make an accounting on the earth, concluding it and cutting it short.”*+ 29 Also, just as Isaiah had said aforetime: “Unless Jehovah* of armies+ had left a seed to us, we should have become just like Sodʹom, and we should have been made just like Go·morʹrah.”+
30 What shall we say, then? That people of the nations, although not pursuing righteousness, caught up with righteousness,+ the righteousness that results from faith;+ 31 but Israel, although pursuing a law of righteousness, did not attain to the law.+ 32 For what reason? Because he pursued it, not by faith, but as by works.+ They stumbled on the “stone of stumbling”;+ 33 as it is written: “Look! I am laying in Zion a stone+ of stumbling and a rock-mass of offense,+ but he that rests his faith on it* will not come to disappointment.”*+
10 Brothers, the goodwill of my heart and my supplication to God for them are, indeed, for their salvation.+ 2 For I bear them witness* that they have a zeal+ for God; but not according to accurate knowledge;+ 3 for, because of not knowing the righteousness of God+ but seeking to establish their own,+ they did not subject themselves to the righteousness of God.+ 4 For Christ is the end* of the Law,+ so that everyone exercising faith may have righteousness.+
5 For Moses writes that the man that has done the righteousness of the Law will live by it.+ 6 But the righteousness resulting from faith speaks in this manner: “Do not say in your heart,+ ‘Who will ascend into heaven?’+ that is, to bring Christ+ down; 7 or, ‘Who will descend into the abyss?’+ that is, to bring Christ up from the dead.”+ 8 But what does it say? “The word is near you, in your own mouth and in your own heart”;+ that is, the “word”+ of faith, which we are preaching.*+ 9 For if you publicly declare that ‘word in your own mouth,’+ that Jesus is Lord,*+ and exercise faith in your heart that God raised him up from the dead,+ you will be saved.+ 10 For with the heart+ one exercises faith for righteousness, but with the mouth one makes public declaration+ for salvation.
11 For the Scripture says: “None that rests+ his faith on him will be disappointed.”*+ 12 For there is no distinction between Jew and Greek,+ for there is the same Lord over all, who is rich+ to all those calling upon him. 13 For “everyone who calls on the name of Jehovah* will be saved.”+ 14 However, how will they call on him in whom they have not put faith?+ How, in turn, will they put faith in him of whom they have not heard? How, in turn, will they hear without someone to preach?+ 15 How, in turn, will they preach unless they have been sent forth?+ Just as it is written: “How comely are the feet of those who declare good news of good things!”+
16 Nevertheless, they did not all obey the good news.+ For Isaiah says: “Jehovah,* who put faith in the thing heard from us?”+ 17 So faith follows the thing heard.+ In turn the thing heard is through the word about Christ.*+ 18 Nevertheless I ask, They did not fail to hear, did they? Why, in fact, “into all the earth their sound went out,+ and to the extremities* of the inhabited earth* their utterances.”+ 19 Nevertheless I ask, Israel did not fail to know, did they?+ First Moses says: “I will incite YOU people to jealousy through that which is not a nation; I will incite YOU to violent anger through a stupid nation.”+ 20 But Isaiah becomes very bold and says: “I was found by those who were not seeking me;+ I became manifest to those who were not asking for me.”+ 21 But as respects Israel he says: “All day long I have spread out my hands toward a people that is disobedient+ and talks back.”+
11 I ask, then, God did not reject his people, did he?+ Never may that happen! For I also am an Israelite,+ of the seed of Abraham, of the tribe of Benjamin.+ 2 God did not reject his people, whom he first recognized.*+ Why, do YOU not know what the Scripture says in connection with E·liʹjah, as he pleads with God against Israel?+ 3 “Jehovah,* they have killed your prophets, they have dug up your altars, and I alone am left, and they are looking for my soul.”*+ 4 Yet, what does the divine pronouncement+ say to him? “I have left seven thousand men over for myself, [men] who have not bent the knee to Baʹal.”+ 5 In this way, therefore, at the present season also a remnant+ has turned up according to a choosing+ due to undeserved kindness. 6 Now if it is by undeserved kindness,+ it is no longer due to works;+ otherwise, the undeserved kindness no longer proves to be undeserved kindness.+
7 What, then? The very thing Israel is earnestly seeking he did not obtain,+ but the ones chosen*+ obtained it. The rest had their sensibilities blunted;+ 8 just as it is written: “God* has given them a spirit of deep sleep,+ eyes so as not to see and ears so as not to hear, down to this very day.”+ 9 Also, David says: “Let their table* become for them a snare and a trap and a stumbling block and a retribution;+ 10 let their eyes become darkened so as not to see, and always bow down their back.”+
11 Therefore I ask, Did they stumble so that they fell+ completely? Never may that happen! But by their false step+ there is salvation to people of the nations,+ to incite them to jealousy.+ 12 Now if their false step means riches to the world, and their decrease means riches to people of the nations,+ how much more will the full number*+ of them mean it!
13 Now I speak to YOU who are people of the nations. Forasmuch as I am, in reality, an apostle+ to the nations,+ I glorify+ my ministry,+ 14 if I may by any means incite [those who are] my own flesh to jealousy and save+ some from among them.+ 15 For if the casting of them away+ means reconciliation+ for the world, what will the receiving of them mean but life from the dead? 16 Further, if the [part taken as] firstfruits+ is holy, the lump is also; and if the root is holy,+ the branches are also.
17 However, if some of the branches were broken off but you, although being a wild olive, were grafted in among them+ and became a sharer of the olive’s+ root of fatness,+ 18 do not be exulting over the branches. If, though, you are exulting over them,+ it is not you that bear the root,+ but the root [bears] you.+ 19 You will say, then: “Branches were broken off+ that I might be grafted in.”+ 20 All right! For [their] lack of faith+ they were broken off, but you are standing by faith.+ Quit having lofty ideas,+ but be in fear.+ 21 For if God did not spare the natural branches, neither will he spare you.+ 22 See, therefore, God’s kindness+ and severity.+ Toward those who fell there is severity,+ but toward you there is God’s kindness, provided you remain+ in his kindness; otherwise, you also will be lopped off.+ 23 They also, if they do not remain in their lack of faith, will be grafted in;+ for God is able to graft them in again. 24 For if you were cut out of the olive tree that is wild by nature and were grafted+ contrary to nature into the garden olive tree, how much rather will these who are natural be grafted into their own olive tree!+
25 For I do not want YOU, brothers, to be ignorant of this sacred secret,+ in order for YOU not to be discreet in your own eyes: that a dulling of sensibilities+ has happened in part to Israel until the full number*+ of people of the nations has come in,+ 26 and in this manner all Israel+ will be saved. Just as it is written: “The deliverer will come out of Zion+ and turn away ungodly practices from Jacob.+ 27 And this is the covenant on my part with them, when I take their sins away.”+ 28 True, with reference to the good news they are enemies for YOUR sakes,+ but with reference to [God’s] choosing* they are beloved for the sake of their forefathers.+ 29 For the gifts and the calling of God are not things he will regret.+ 30 For just as YOU were once disobedient+ to God but have now been shown mercy+ because of their disobedience,+ 31 so also these now have been disobedient with mercy resulting to YOU,+ that they themselves also may now be shown mercy. 32 For God has shut them all up together in disobedience,+ that he might show all of them mercy.+
33 O the depth of God’s riches+ and wisdom+ and knowledge!+ How unsearchable his judgments+ [are] and past tracing out his ways [are]! 34 For “who has come to know Jehovah’s* mind,+ or who has become his counselor?”+ 35 Or, “Who has first given to him, so that it must be repaid to him?”+ 36 Because from him and by him and for him are all things.+ To him be the glory forever.+ Amen.
12 Consequently I entreat YOU by the compassions of God, brothers, to present YOUR bodies+ a sacrifice+ living,+ holy,+ acceptable to God,+ a sacred service*+ with YOUR power of reason.+ 2 And quit being fashioned+ after this system of things,* but be transformed by making YOUR mind over,+ that YOU may prove to yourselves+ the good and acceptable and perfect will+ of God.
3 For through the undeserved kindness given to me I tell everyone there among YOU not to think more of himself than it is necessary to think;+ but to think so as to have a sound mind,+ each one as God has distributed to him a measure+ of faith.+ 4 For just as we have in one body many members,+ but the members do not all have the same function, 5 so we, although many, are one body+ in union with Christ, but members belonging individually to one another.+ 6 Since, then, we have gifts differing+ according to the undeserved kindness+ given to us, whether prophecy, [let us prophesy] according to the faith proportioned [to us]; 7 or a ministry, [let us be] at this ministry;+ or he that teaches,+ [let him be] at his teaching;+ 8 or he that exhorts, [let him be] at his exhortation;+ he that distributes, [let him do it] with liberality;+ he that presides,*+ [let him do it] in real earnest; he that shows mercy,+ [let him do it] with cheerfulness.
9 Let [YOUR] love+ be without hypocrisy.+ Abhor what is wicked,+ cling to what is good.+ 10 In brotherly love+ have tender affection for one another. In showing honor+ to one another take the lead. 11 Do not loiter at YOUR business.+ Be aglow with the spirit.+ Slave for Jehovah.*+ 12 Rejoice in the hope.+ Endure under tribulation.+ Persevere in prayer.+ 13 Share with the holy ones according to their needs.+ Follow the course of hospitality.+ 14 Keep on blessing those who persecute;+ be blessing+ and do not be cursing.+ 15 Rejoice with people who rejoice;+ weep with people who weep. 16 Be minded the same way toward others as to yourselves;+ do not be minding lofty things,+ but be led along with the lowly things.+ Do not become discreet in YOUR own eyes.+
17 Return evil for evil+ to no one. Provide fine things in the sight of all men. 18 If possible, as far as it depends upon YOU, be peaceable+ with all men. 19 Do not avenge+ yourselves, beloved, but yield place to the wrath;+ for it is written: “Vengeance is mine; I will repay, says Jehovah.”*+ 20 But, “if your enemy is hungry, feed him; if he is thirsty, give him something to drink;+ for by doing this you will heap fiery coals upon his head.”+ 21 Do not let yourself be conquered by the evil, but keep conquering the evil with the good.+
13 Let every soul* be in subjection+ to the superior authorities,+ for there is no authority+ except by God;+ the existing authorities stand placed in their relative+ positions* by God.+ 2 Therefore he who opposes* the authority has taken a stand against the arrangement of God; those who have taken a stand against it will receive judgment to themselves.+ 3 For those ruling are an object of fear, not to the good deed, but to the bad.+ Do you, then, want to have no fear of the authority? Keep doing good,+ and you will have praise from it;* 4 for it* is God’s minister* to you for your good.+ But if you are doing what is bad,+ be in fear: for it is not without purpose that it bears the sword; for it is God’s minister, an avenger+ to express wrath upon the one practicing what is bad.
5 There is therefore compelling reason* for YOU people to be in subjection, not only on account of that wrath but also on account of [YOUR] conscience.+ 6 For that is why YOU are also paying taxes; for they are God’s public servants*+ constantly serving this very purpose.* 7 Render* to all their dues, to him who [calls for] the tax, the tax;+ to him who [calls for] the tribute, the tribute; to him who [calls for] fear, such fear;+ to him who [calls for] honor, such honor.+
8 Do not YOU people be owing anybody a single thing,+ except to love one another;+ for he that loves his fellowman* has fulfilled [the] law.+ 9 For the [law code], “You must not commit adultery,*+ You must not murder,+ You must not steal,+ You must not covet,”+ and whatever other commandment there is, is summed up in this word, namely, “You must love your neighbor as yourself.”+ 10 Love+ does not work evil to one’s neighbor;+ therefore love is the law’s+ fulfillment.
11 [Do] this, too, because YOU people know the season,* that it is already the hour for YOU to awake+ from sleep, for now our salvation is nearer than at the time when we became believers.+ 12 The night is well along; the day+ has drawn near. Let us therefore put off the works belonging to darkness+ and let us put on the weapons+ of the light. 13 As in the daytime let us walk decently,+ not in revelries and drunken bouts,+ not in illicit intercourse and loose conduct,*+ not in strife+ and jealousy. 14 But put on the Lord* Jesus Christ,+ and do not be planning ahead for the desires of the flesh.+
14 Welcome the [man] having weaknesses+ in [his] faith, but not to make decisions on inward+ questionings. 2 One [man] has faith to eat everything,+ but the [man] who is weak eats vegetables. 3 Let the one eating not look down on the one not eating,+ and let the one not eating not judge the one eating, for God has welcomed that one. 4 Who are you to judge the house servant of another?+ To his own master he stands or falls.+ Indeed, he will be made to stand, for Jehovah* can make him stand.+
5 One [man] judges one day as above another;+ another [man] judges one day as all others;+ let each [man] be fully convinced in his own mind. 6 He who observes the day observes it to Jehovah.* Also, he who eats, eats to Jehovah,*+ for he gives thanks to God;+ and he who does not eat does not eat to Jehovah,*+ and yet gives thanks to God.+ 7 None of us, in fact, lives with regard to himself only,+ and no one dies with regard to himself only; 8 for both if we live, we live to Jehovah,*+ and if we die, we die to Jehovah.*+ Therefore both if we live and if we die, we belong to Jehovah.*+ 9 For to this end Christ died and came to life again,+ that he might be Lord over both the dead+ and the living.+
10 But why do you judge your brother?+ Or why do you also look down on your brother? For we shall all stand before the judgment+ seat of God; 11 for it is written: “‘As I live,’ says Jehovah,*+ ‘to me every knee will bend down, and every tongue will make open acknowledgment to God.’”+ 12 So, then, each of us will render an account for himself to God.*+
13 Therefore let us not be judging+ one another any longer, but rather make this YOUR decision,+ not to put before a brother+ a stumbling block+ or a cause for tripping. 14 I know and am persuaded in the Lord Jesus that nothing is defiled in itself;+ only where a man considers something to be defiled, to him it is defiled.+ 15 For if because of food your brother is being grieved, you are no longer walking in accord with love.+ Do not by your food ruin that one for whom Christ died.+ 16 Do not, therefore, let the good YOU people do be spoken of with injury to YOU. 17 For the kingdom of God+ does not mean* eating and drinking,+ but [means]* righteousness+ and peace+ and joy+ with holy spirit. 18 For he who in this regard slaves for Christ is acceptable to God and has approval with men.+
19 So, then, let us pursue the things making for peace+ and the things that are upbuilding to one another.+ 20 Stop tearing down the work of God just for the sake of food.+ True, all things are clean, but it is injurious to the man who with an occasion for stumbling eats.+ 21 It is well not to eat flesh or to drink wine or do anything over which your brother stumbles.+ 22 The faith that you have, have it in accord with yourself in the sight of God.+ Happy is the man that does not put himself on judgment by what he approves. 23 But if he has doubts, he is already condemned if he eats,+ because [he does] not [eat] out of faith. Indeed, everything that is not out of faith is sin.+
15 We, though, who are strong ought to bear the weaknesses of those not strong,+ and not to be pleasing ourselves.+ 2 Let each of us please [his] neighbor in what is good for [his] upbuilding.+ 3 For even the Christ did not please himself;+ but just as it is written: “The reproaches of those who were reproaching you have fallen upon me.”+ 4 For all the things that were written aforetime were written+ for our instruction,+ that through our endurance+ and through the comfort+ from the Scriptures we might have hope.*+ 5 Now may the God who supplies endurance and comfort grant YOU to have among yourselves the same mental attitude+ that Christ Jesus had, 6 that with one accord+ YOU may with one mouth glorify the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ.
7 Therefore welcome one another,+ just as the Christ also welcomed us,+ with glory to God in view. 8 For I say that Christ actually became a minister+ of those who are circumcised+ in behalf of God’s truthfulness,+ so as to verify the promises+ He made to their forefathers, 9 and that the nations+ might glorify God for his mercy.+ Just as it is written: “That is why I will openly acknowledge you among the nations* and to your name I will make melody.”+ 10 And again he says: “Be glad, YOU nations, with his people.”+ 11 And again: “Praise Jehovah,* all YOU nations, and let all the peoples praise him.”+ 12 And again Isaiah says: “There will be the root of Jesʹse,+ and there will be one arising to rule nations;+ on him nations will rest their hope.”+ 13 May the God who gives hope fill YOU with all joy and peace by YOUR believing, that YOU may abound in hope with power of holy spirit.+
14 Now I myself also am persuaded about YOU, my brothers, that YOU yourselves are also full of goodness, as YOU have been filled with all knowledge,+ and that YOU can also admonish one another.+ 15 However, I am writing YOU the more outspokenly on some points, as if reminding+ YOU again, because of the undeserved kindness given to me from God+ 16 for me to be a public servant* of Christ Jesus to the nations,+ engaging in the holy work of the good news+ of God, in order that the offering,+ namely, these nations, might prove to be acceptable,+ it being sanctified with holy spirit.+
17 Therefore I have cause for exulting in Christ Jesus+ when it comes to things pertaining to God.+ 18 For I will not venture to tell one thing if it is not of those things which Christ worked through me+ for the nations to be obedient,+ by [my] word+ and deed, 19 with the power of signs and portents,+ with the power of holy spirit;* so that from Jerusalem and in a circuit+ as far as Il·lyrʹi·cum I have thoroughly preached the good news about the Christ.+ 20 In this way, indeed, I made it my aim not to declare the good news where Christ had already been named, in order that I might not be building on another man’s foundation;+ 21 but, just as it is written: “Those to whom no announcement has been made about him will see, and those who have not heard will understand.”+
22 Therefore also I was many times hindered from getting to YOU.+ 23 But now that I no longer have [untouched] territory in these regions, and for some years having had a longing to get to YOU+ 24 whenever I am on my way to Spain,+ I hope, above all, when I am on the journey there, to get a look at YOU and to be escorted+ partway there by YOU after I have first in some measure been satisfied with your company. 25 But now I am about to journey to Jerusalem to minister to the holy ones.+ 26 For those in Mac·e·doʹni·a and A·chaʹia*+ have been pleased to share up their things by a contribution+ to the poor of the holy ones in Jerusalem. 27 True, they have been pleased to do so, and yet they were debtors to them; for if the nations have shared in their spiritual things,+ they also owe it to minister publicly to these with things for the fleshly body.+ 28 Hence after I have finished with this and have got this fruit+ securely to them, I shall depart by way of YOU for Spain.+ 29 Moreover, I know that when I do come to YOU I shall come with a full measure of blessing from Christ.+
30 Now I exhort YOU, brothers,* through our Lord Jesus Christ and through the love of the spirit,+ that YOU exert yourselves with me in prayers to God for me,+ 31 that I may be delivered+ from the unbelievers in Ju·deʹa and that my ministry which is for Jerusalem+ may prove to be acceptable to the holy ones,+ 32 so that when I get to YOU with joy by God’s will I shall be refreshed+ together with YOU. 33 May the God who gives peace be with all of YOU.+ Amen.
16 I recommend* to YOU Phoeʹbe our sister, who is a minister*+ of the congregation that is in Cenʹchre·ae,+ 2 that YOU may welcome+ her in [the] Lord in a way worthy of the holy ones, and that YOU may assist her in any matter where she may need YOU,+ for she herself also proved to be a defender of many, yes, of me myself.
3 Give my greetings to Prisʹca and Aqʹui·la+ my fellow workers+ in Christ Jesus, 4 who have risked their own necks+ for my soul,* to whom not only I but also all the congregations of the nations render thanks;+ 5 and [greet] the congregation that is in their house.+ Greet my beloved E·paeʹne·tus, who is a firstfruits+ of Asia for Christ. 6 Greet Mary, who has performed many labors for YOU. 7 Greet An·dronʹi·cus and Juʹni·as my relatives+ and my fellow captives,*+ who are men of note among the apostles and who have been in union+ with Christ longer than I have.
8 Give my greetings+ to Am·pli·aʹtus my beloved in [the] Lord. 9 Greet Ur·baʹnus our fellow worker in Christ, and my beloved Staʹchys. 10 Greet+ A·pelʹles, the approved one in Christ. Greet those from the household of A·ris·tobʹu·lus. 11 Greet He·roʹdi·on my relative.+ Greet those from the household of Nar·cisʹsus who are in [the] Lord.+ 12 Greet Try·phaeʹna and Try·phoʹsa, [women] who are working hard in [the] Lord. Greet Perʹsis our beloved one, for she performed many labors in [the] Lord. 13 Greet Ruʹfus the chosen one in [the] Lord, and his mother and mine. 14 Greet A·synʹcri·tus, Phleʹgon, Herʹmes, Patʹro·bas, Herʹmas, and the brothers with them. 15 Greet Phi·lolʹo·gus and Julia, Neʹreus and his sister, and O·lymʹpas, and all the holy ones with them.+ 16 Greet one another with a holy kiss.+ All the congregations of the Christ greet YOU.
17 Now I exhort YOU, brothers, to keep your eye on those who cause divisions+ and occasions for stumbling contrary to the teaching+ that YOU have learned, and avoid them.+ 18 For men of that sort are slaves, not of our Lord Christ, but of their own bellies;+ and by smooth talk+ and complimentary speech+ they seduce the hearts of guileless ones. 19 For YOUR obedience has come to the notice of all.+ I therefore rejoice over YOU. But I want YOU to be wise+ as to what is good, but innocent+ as to what is evil.+ 20 For his part, the God who gives peace+ will crush Satan+ under YOUR feet shortly. May the undeserved kindness of our Lord Jesus be with YOU.+
22 I, Terʹtius, who have done the writing of this letter, greet YOU in [the] Lord.
25 Now to him+ who can make YOU firm in accord with the good news I declare and* the preaching of Jesus Christ, according to the revelation* of the sacred secret+ which has been kept in silence for long-lasting times 26 but has now been made manifest+ and has been made known through the prophetic scriptures among all the nations in accord with the command of the everlasting God to promote obedience by faith;+ 27 to God, wise alone,+ be the glory+ through Jesus Christ+ forever.* Amen.
Or, “determined to be.”
“We,” used editorially. Or, “I.”
Or, “to be saints.”
“I render sacred service.” Gr., la·treuʹo; J17,18(Heb.), ʼaniʹ ʽo·vedhʹ, “I serve (worship).” See Ex 3:12 ftn.
Lit., “to be encouraged together.”
“First.” B omits.
“World’s.” Gr., koʹsmou; Lat., munʹdi; J17,22(Heb.), ha·ʽoh·lamʹ, “the world.”
“Godship.” Gr., Thei·oʹtes, related to The·osʹ, “God”; Lat., Di·viʹni·tas. Compare Ac 17:29 ftn.
Or, “So be it.” Gr., a·menʹ; Lat., aʹmen; J17,18,22(Heb.), ʼa·menʹ. See Ne 5:13.
“What is obscene.” Lit., “the indecency.”
Or, “opposed to any agreement.”
Lit., “change of mind.”
Or, “and test the things that differ.”
Lit., “form.” Gr., morʹpho·sin.
See 13:9 ftn.
“Sacred pronouncements.” Lit., “little words.” Gr., loʹgi·a; Lat., e·loʹqui·a; J17,18,22(Heb.), div·rehʹ.
“Sin.” Gr., ha·mar·tiʹan; Lat., pec·caʹto; J17(Heb.), ha·chetʼʹ, from a root meaning “to miss the mark [as in spear throwing].” See vs 23.
“The Law.” Gr., ho noʹmos, with the definite article ho to particularize. Here the context warrants capitalization to indicate the “Law” given through Moses. In The Bible Translator, Vol. 1, January 1950, published by The United Bible Societies, London, p. 165, J. Harold Greenlee states: “The word ‘law’ requires individual attention. The [Greek] article indicates a particular law, or the Mosaic law; without the article, reference may be to ‘law’ as a principle.”
“Jesus.” B omits.
Or, “through the redemption that is in (by) Christ.”
“An offering for propitiation.” Lit., “propitiatory.” Gr., hi·la·steʹri·on; Lat., pro·pi·ti·a·ti·oʹnem; J17(Heb.), lekhap·poʹreth, “as a propitiatory cover.” See Heb 9:5.
Lit., “to be being justified.” Gr., di·kai·ouʹsthai; Lat., iu·sti·fi·caʹri.
“Say about Abraham . . . flesh,” B; אADVg, “say that Abraham our forefather according to the flesh has gained.”
Lit., “is being reckoned.” Gr., lo·giʹze·tai; Lat., in·pu·taʹtur.
Or, “David also pronounces the felicitation.”
“By faith.” BD omit.
Or, “irreverential ones.” Gr., a·se·bonʹ; Lat., imʹpi·is, “impious ones.”
“Christ.” B omits.
Or, “who is a type of him.”
Or, “in an act of justification.” Compare vs 18.
“Of the free gift.” B omits.
Or, “one righteous act.” Gr., he·nosʹ di·kai·oʹma·tos; Lat., u·niʹus iu·stiʹti·am.
Or, “entered in by stealth.”
“Jesus.” B omits.
Or, “grown together with him.”
Or, “our body belonging to sin.”
Lit., “has been justified.” Gr., de·di·kaiʹo·tai.
“With lawlessness in view.” B omits.
Or, “used to have at that time from the things.”
Or, “finish.” Gr., teʹlos.
“Wages.” Lat., sti·penʹdi·a.
Lit., “gracious gift.” Gr., khaʹri·sma; Lat., graʹti·a.
Or, “woman subject to a husband.”
“Adulteress.” Lat., a·dulʹte·ra.
“Be slaves,” אAB; J18, “be servants to Jehovah.”
“Of adoption as sons.” Lit., “of placing as son.” Gr., hui·o·the·siʹas; Lat., a·do·pti·oʹnis fi·li·oʹrum.
“Abba.” An Aram. word meaning “the father,” or, “O Father!”
“Adoption as sons,” אABCVgSyh,p; P46D omit.
Or, “that cannot be uttered.”
Or, “mind; thought.”
“God,” P46AB; אCDVgSyp omit.
Or, “whom he foreknew.”
Lit., “he defined beforehand.”
Or, “is; can be.”
“Jesus,” אAC; BDSyp omit.
“From the dead,” AC; P46BDVgSyp omit.
“The Christ,” ACDItVgSyh,p; א, “God”; B, “God that is in Christ Jesus.”
Lit., “anathema.” Gr. and Lat., a·naʹthe·ma.
“Sacred service.” Gr., la·treiʹa; J17(Heb.), weha·ʽavoh·dhahʹ, “and the service (worship).” See Ex 12:25 ftn.
For a discussion of “God, who is over all” see App 6D.
“I have let you remain,” J17,18,22; אAB, “I have raised you up”; Ex 9:16 in LXX, which Paul here quotes, “you have been preserved.”
Or, “executing it speedily.”
Or, “not be ashamed.”
“I bear . . . witness.” Gr., mar·ty·roʹ; Lat., te·sti·moʹni·um . . . per·hiʹbe·o.
Or, “the accomplished (completed) end.” Gr., teʹlos.
Or, “we are heralding.” Gr., ke·rysʹso·men; Lat., prae·di·caʹmus. Compare Da 5:29 ftn, “Heralded.”
Gr., kyʹri·os; J12-14,16-18,22(Heb.), ha·ʼa·dhohnʹ, “the Lord.” Not “Jehovah.”
“Word about Christ,” P46א*BCD*Vg; אcASyp, “word of God”; J7,8,10, “word of Jehovah.”
See Mt 12:42 ftn.
“Inhabited earth.” Lit., “inhabited.” Gr., oi·kou·meʹnes, fem. sing., implying the earth.
Or, “he foreknew.”
Or, “life.” See App 4A.
“The ones chosen.” Lit., “the choosing; the election.”
“God,” אABVgSyp; J7,8,10,13-15,20, “Jehovah.”
Or, “the fullness.”
Or, “the fullness.”
“[God’s] choosing.” Or, “the choosing; the ones chosen.”
“A sacred service.” Gr., la·treiʹan; J17(Heb.), ʽavoh·dhath·khemʹ, “your service (worship).” See Ex 12:25 ftn.
Or, “order of things.” Gr., ai·oʹni; Lat., saeʹcu·lo.
Or, “that acts as leader.”
Or, “every living person.” See App 4A.
“Stand placed in their relative positions.” Lit., “having been set in order they are.”
Lit., “the (one) setting self against.”
Or, “her,” that is, the “authority.”
Or, “she,” that is, the “authority.”
“Public servants.” Gr., lei·tour·goiʹ.
Or, “devoting themselves to this very thing.”
Lit., “Give you back.”
Or, “loves the other,” that is, the other of two.
Or, “You must not commit marital sexual unfaithfulness.” Gr., Ou moi·kheuʹseis; Lat., non a·dul·te·raʹbis; J22(Heb.), loʼ tin·ʼaphʹ. See Eze 16:32 ftn.
Lit., “appointed time.” Gr., kai·ronʹ.
Or, “imitate the manners of the Lord.”
“Jehovah,” J18,23; P46אABC(Gr.), ho Kyʹri·os; DVgSyh, “God.” See App 1D.
“To God,” אADVgSyh,p; B omits.
Or, “is not.”
“Hope,” אAVgSyp; B, “hope of the comfort; the comforting hope.”
“Nations,” ABSyp; אcVgc, “nations, O Lord.”
“Public servant.” Gr., lei·tour·gonʹ.
“Holy spirit,” AD*Vg; P46אSyh,p, “spirit of God”; B, “spirit.”
The Roman province of southern Greece with its capital at Corinth.
“Brothers,” אADVgSyp; P46B omit.
Or, “a servant.” Gr., di·aʹko·non; Lat., in mi·ni·steʹri·o; J18(Heb.), mesha·rathʹ, “a female attendant.”
Or, “fellow prisoners.”
P46אABC omit; DItVgc, “May the undeserved kindness of our Lord Jesus Christ be with all of you. Amen,” which corresponds to the end of vs 20.
Lit., “uncovering; disclosure.” Gr., a·po·kaʹly·psin; Lat., re·ve·la·ti·oʹnem.
“Forever,” P46BC; אADItVgArm, “forever and ever.”