“All Israel Will Be Saved”
“In this manner all Israel will be saved. Just as it is written: ‘The deliverer will come out of Zion and turn away ungodly practices from Jacob.’”—ROMANS 11:26.
1. (a) With regard to Romans 11:26, what questions are raised? (b) Why is the Republic of Israel not the Israel that would be “saved”?
WHAT nation is here meant? How is it saved? And how are all other nations affected by its salvation? Well, when the British mandate over Palestine expired in 1948, the Jews seized part of that territory and set up the Republic of Israel. By victory over Arab forces in the six-day war of 1967, the Israelis extended the boundaries of their republic. But since the establishment of the Republic of Israel, it has had to maintain its existence by force of arms. Whether modern-day Israel has nuclear bombs stockpiled for national preservation or not, it definitely is not relying upon any ‘deliverer out of Zion.’ Why, along with Gentile nations, this relatively young political entity is part of the United Nations! Clearly, this republic is not a theocracy, such as the nation of Israel became in the days of Moses, back in 1513 B.C.E.
2. How did the setting up of the Republic of Israel differ from the restoration of the Jews to their homeland in 537 B.C.E.?
2 The Austrian Israelite Theodor Herzl, founder of the Zionist World Organization in 1897, declared that the Jews were a nation and demanded that territory be set aside for the establishment of a Jewish state. But nothing in all the developments involving the Republic of Israel has any correspondency to the restoration of the Jews to their homeland in 537 B.C.E., the first year of the Persian emperor Cyrus the Great. That ancient restoration fulfilled the declared purpose of Israel’s God, Jehovah, as foretold at Isaiah 45:1-5. (2 Chronicles 36:22, 23; Ezra 1:1-4) But in the setting up of the Republic of Israel we saw no peaceful course taken with full faith in the God of ancient Israel. So this cannot be interpreted as a fulfillment of the Hebrew Scripture prophecies; nor is it evidence that the coming of the Jewish Messiah is at hand.
3. How was the salvation of “all Israel” once viewed by the International Bible Students, but what happened in this regard in 1932?
3 Down into the year 1929 the members of the International Bible Students Association thought that the natural Jews were still God’s chosen people, that they would be gathered back to Palestine in unbelief, that there they would be converted to Jesus Christ as the promised Seed of Abraham and that they then would become the earth’s leading nation for the blessing of all mankind. In 1932, however, this was proved to be a misunderstanding of Bible prophecy, including the words of Romans 11:26 about the saving of “all Israel.”—See Study VIII of the book Thy Kingdom Come, copyright 1891 by Watch Tower Bible & Tract Society.
Who Make Up “All Israel”?
4. What circumstances today indicate that the Republic of Israel is not “the Israel of God”?
4 What the Jewish writer of Romans 11:26 called “all Israel” he called “the Israel of God” at Galatians 6:16. But if the natural Jews in the Republic of Israel and around the globe do not make up “all Israel,” who are its members? This question is a vital one, as the natural Jews of today do not know to which of Israel’s 12 tribes they belong. They have rabbis but no priesthood, no high priest on earth, no temple at Jerusalem and no altar there on which to offer sacrifices according to the Law God gave to them through Moses. All of this has been lacking since the Romans destroyed Jerusalem in 70 C.E. There also is no evidence that the God whose name they refuse to pronounce is with them any longer as a nation. Yet, Jehovah God does have an Israel on earth, even in this 20th century. So who are its members?
5, 6. How did Paul show that being “the Israel of God” does not depend upon natural, fleshly circumstances?
5 The natural Jew Saul of Tarsus, who was privileged to become the Christian apostle Paul, provides a satisfying answer. About the year 56 C.E. he addressed a long letter to “all those who are in Rome as God’s beloved ones, called to be holy ones.” (Romans 1:1, 7) In that letter, Paul identified those considered by God to be true Israelites—not Israelites as to the flesh but according to the spirit. Paul wrote:
6 “Not all who spring from Israel are really ‘Israel.’ Neither because they are Abraham’s seed are they all children, but: ‘What will be called “your seed” will be through Isaac.’ That is, the children in the flesh are not really the children of God, but the children by the promise are counted as the seed. . . . Moreover, Isaiah cries out concerning Israel: ‘Although the number of the sons of Israel may be as the sand of the sea, it is the remnant that will be saved. For Jehovah will make an accounting on the earth, concluding it and cutting it short.’ Also, just as Isaiah had said aforetime: ‘Unless Jehovah of armies had left a seed to us, we should have become just like Sodom, and we should have been made just like Gomorrah.’”—Romans 9:6-9, 27-29.
7, 8. Why did the natural Israelites fail to fill all the places as branches of the symbolic olive tree described in Romans chapter 11?
7 Later, in Romans chapter 11, Paul likened the nation of Israel to an olive tree that is linked to “Jehovah’s friend,” the patriarch Abraham. (James 2:23) After that “friend” displayed his obedience, God told him: “By means of your seed all nations of the earth will certainly bless themselves due to the fact that you have listened to my voice.” (Genesis 22:18) Because the majority of the natural Jews did not display the faith of their forefather Abraham and obey God, those unbelieving Israelites were lopped off the symbolic olive tree that was rooted in the Greater Abraham, Jehovah God. Their places were taken by believing Gentiles, or non-Jews, so that the symbolic tree might have its full number of branches. Those taking the places of the natural Israelites became “Abraham’s seed” as proselytes, or Israelites by adoption on the part of God, the One greater than Abraham. (Galatians 3:26-29) They became Israelites in a spiritual sense, that is, spiritual Israelites. That is why Paul went on to say:
8 “I would not, brethren, have you ignorant of this mystery, lest ye be wise in your own conceits, that a hardening in part hath befallen Israel, until the fullness of the Gentiles be come in; and so all Israel shall be saved: even as it is written, There shall come out of Zion the Deliverer; he shall turn away ungodliness from Jacob: and this is my covenant unto them, when I shall take away their sins.”—Romans 11:25-27, American Standard Version.
9. Although “the appointed times of the nations” ran out in 1914, what is the position of the Republic of Israel toward the Mediator of the new covenant?
9 We note that Paul does not say, ‘until the times of the Gentiles have been fulfilled.’ Rather, he says, “until the fullness of the Gentiles be come in,” or, “until the full number of people of the nations has come in.” The Gentile Times, or “the appointed times of the nations,” ran out in 1914, the year when World War I broke out. (Luke 21:24, Authorized Version) Nevertheless, today, 70 years later, the Republic of Israel and the natural Jews all over the earth do not claim to be in the new covenant that Jehovah said he would establish with the house of Israel. (Jeremiah 31:31-34) More than 19 centuries ago, on Nisan 14, 33 C.E., on the night of the Jewish Passover, the prospective Mediator of that covenant presented a cup of wine to his faithful apostles and made this comment: “This cup means the new covenant by virtue of my blood, which is to be poured out in your behalf.” (Luke 22:20) But after all this time the Republic of Israel does not recognize Jesus Christ as the Mediator of the covenant foretold in Jeremiah’s prophecy.
10. The believing natural Jews formed how much of Abraham’s “seed” for the blessing of all mankind, and with what consequence?
10 According to the Israelis, “the deliverer” has not yet come out of Zion. (Isaiah 59:20; Romans 11:26) But on the day of Pentecost of 33 C.E., a remnant of ancient Israel did accept Jesus as the Messiah. That remnant then began to receive the promised holy spirit and to be brought into the foretold new covenant. Yet, a remnant was not sufficient to make up the full membership of the spiritual “bride” of Christ, which is 144,000 strong. (Revelation 7:1-8; 14:1-3; 21:9) Thus not enough natural Israelites became part of the symbolic olive tree rooted in the Greater Abraham, who promised that the ancient patriarch’s “seed” would bring blessings to all the earth’s families, Jewish and non-Jewish.
11, 12. “All Israel” refers to what Israel, and how can this be proved Scripturally?
11 How, then, was “all Israel” to be “saved” by means of the promised “deliverer”? Please note that Paul wrote his letter to the Romans about 56 C.E., after he had written to the Galatians (about 50-52 C.E.). Hence, Romans 11:25-27 was penned after his words at Galatians 6:16 about “the Israel of God.” That Israel is the one with which the new covenant was made by means of Jesus Christ, not the prophet Moses. Jesus was the Mediator for a Christian Israel, a spiritual Israel, that was born as a nation on the day of Pentecost, 33 C.E., when the holy spirit was poured out upon the Jews who accepted Jesus Christ as Mediator of the new covenant.
12 Present on that occasion was the Jewish apostle Peter. Later, he wrote to “the ones chosen according to the foreknowledge of God” and said: “You are ‘a chosen race, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, a people for special possession’ . . . you were once not a people, but are now God’s people.” (1 Peter 1:1, 2; 2:9, 10) This confirms the fact that the Israel “all” of which is to be “saved” is not the present-day republic of the Israelis or the scattered natural Israelites all around the globe. “All Israel” that was to be “saved” was the spiritual Israel brought to birth at Pentecost of 33 C.E. by then being begotten with God’s reproductive spirit. It was to this “Israel of God” that the promised Deliverer was to come.
13. (a) How and when did the promised Deliverer come out of Zion? (b) In time, “the Israel of God” included whom in its membership?
13 This Deliverer did come on the day of Pentecost of 33 C.E. How? By the pouring out of Jehovah’s holy spirit upon about 120 disciples in the upper room at the national capital of Jerusalem. Thus those disciples became the initial segment of “the Israel of God” begotten to spiritual life and having the hope of eternal life in the spirit realm above. This spiritual Israel eventually came to include the non-Jewish believers in the promised Deliverer. When was this? At the conversion of Samaritans—and later of outright Gentiles at the conversion of the Roman centurion Cornelius and his family and friends in 36 C.E.—Jehovah, the Greater Abraham, adopted all these non-Jewish believers into his only-begotten Son, Jesus Christ, the symbolic trunk of the figurative olive tree. Thus these non-Jews could take the places of the faithless Jews that were broken off from that olive tree having 144,000 “branches.”—Acts, chapter 10; Ac 15:14-21.
Work of Grafting In Now Accomplished
14. By now there is good evidence to show what regarding “all Israel”?
14 Nineteen hundred and forty-eight years have passed since that momentous event of 36 C.E. Logically, then, by now Almighty God’s work of saving “all Israel” has been grandly accomplished. That was a period of time much longer than the Jewish age of exclusive divine favor from 1513 B.C.E., in Moses’ day, to 36 C.E., at the first conversion of uncircumcised non-Israelites, or Gentiles. Doubtless, this extended period allowed enough time to save “all Israel,” as far as providing sufficient members for it is concerned. There is now good evidence to this effect.
15. In Jesus’ prophecy concerning the “sign” of “the conclusion of the system of things,” how did he say the “chosen ones” would be gathered?
15 Jesus Christ referred to that time period when he gave a prophecy on his invisible spirit “presence” and “the conclusion of the system of things” and said: “The sign of the Son of man will appear in heaven, and then all the tribes of the earth will beat themselves in lamentation, and they will see the Son of man coming on the clouds of heaven with power and great glory. And he will send forth his angels with a great trumpet sound, and they will gather his chosen ones together from the four winds, from one extremity of the heavens to their other extremity.” (Matthew 24:3, 30, 31) When did that “presence” of Jesus Christ begin?
16, 17. When did Jesus Christ’s “presence” begin, and what notable events followed with respect to the gathered “chosen ones”?
16 Jesus’ “presence” started at the termination of the “seven times” of the Gentiles in the fall of 1914. (Daniel 4:23-36) At that time the glorified Jesus Christ turned his attention to the exercise of his power toward the war-stricken earth. The facts of history prove that in the postwar year of 1919 the reigning King Jesus Christ sent forth his heavenly angels to gather together “chosen ones” from all parts of the earth. Under the supervision of the Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society, they were brought together into worldwide unity, to combine their efforts thenceforth in carrying out Jesus’ prophetic direction recorded at Matthew 24:14: “This good news of the kingdom will be preached in all the inhabited earth for a witness to all the nations; and then the end will come.”
17 At the general convention of God’s people in 1931, they unanimously adopted the new name, so as to be known as Jehovah’s Witnesses. This was followed later by the publication of the Society’s book Jehovah, featuring the name of God that they were so happy to bear. Gratefully, Jehovah’s Witnesses received that new book in the year 1934, when the Nazi Führer, Adolf Hitler, was setting out to exterminate the Witnesses in central Europe.
18. In due time, what development indicated that the full number of the “chosen ones” had been gathered?
18 What followed indicated that the gathering of the dedicated, baptized “chosen ones” for the heavenly Kingdom had been accomplished. How so? Because in the year 1935 the attention and efforts of those “chosen ones” were directed to the “great multitude” forevisioned in Revelation 7:9-17. (AV) Of whom was this “great multitude,” or “great crowd,” to be made up? Of people who would ascribe glory and honor to Jehovah God and Jesus Christ and who would be rewarded with everlasting life on a paradise earth into which they would pass without dying despite the greatest “tribulation” of all human history. These favored ones were identified as the earthly “other sheep” of the Fine Shepherd, Jesus Christ. Joyfully, they were to be made “one flock” with the remnant of “all Israel” yet alive on earth.—John 10:16.
“All Israel” Saved to Bless All Mankind
1. Why should the Republic of Israel not expect that because of belonging to the United Nations it will be God’s means for blessing all mankind?
JEHOVAH promised Abraham that all the families and nations of the earth would experience blessing by means of that faithful patriarch’s seed. (Genesis 12:3; 22:17, 18) But those promises made in the 20th century before our Common Era do not mean that God will bless the United Nations, the successor of the defunct League of Nations. Because today’s Republic of Israel is a member of the UN, therefore, it should not expect to be used by ancient Israel’s God in the blessing of all mankind. The UN really stands in the way of God’s Kingdom by the “seed” of Abraham. Hence, it is the present-day “disgusting thing that causes desolation.” (Matthew 24:15) No, the UN is not a blessing, even though the religious clergy of Christendom and the rabbis of Jewry pray heaven’s blessing upon that organization. It is really “the image of the wild beast,” the visible political, commercial organization of “the god of this system of things,” Satan the Devil. So the UN will soon be destroyed along with that beastly organization.—Revelation 13:1-18; 2 Corinthians 4:4.
2. In its course of action, how does the remnant of “all Israel” differ from the Republic of Israel?
2 Meanwhile, the Republic of Israel is fighting for its life against other members of the UN. But the remnant of “all Israel” does not imitate the Republic of Israel. (Romans 11:26) That remnant does not worship “the image of the wild beast.” Rather, the spiritual Israelites expose the UN for what it is according to God’s viewpoint of it—a counterfeit that induces people to lean on the UN instead of Jehovah’s Kingdom by Jesus Christ. For this reason the remnant of “all Israel” remains a part of Jehovah’s universal organization. Already the remnant of the spiritual ‘seed of Abraham’ is proving to be a blessing to all the nations and families of mankind. So Jehovah’s prophetic promises have proved to be true.
3, 4. Some 2,700 years before 1914, what did Jehovah inspire Isaiah to write about “all the nations”?
3 Over 2,700 years ago, Jehovah God pointed forward to the era when steel war tanks and airplanes would be used for the first time in martial combat, and when trench warfare would become specialized, soldiers would have to use gas masks, and long-range cannons such as the “Big Bertha” would be employed in total conflict. Yes, some 27 centuries before World War I, Jehovah God inspired the prophet Isaiah to describe something else that would be happening at that time, saying:
4 “The thing that Isaiah the son of Amoz visioned concerning Judah and Jerusalem: And it must occur in the final part of the days that the mountain of the house of Jehovah will become firmly established above the top of the mountains, and it will certainly be lifted up above the hills; and to it all the nations must stream. And many peoples will certainly go and say: ‘Come, you people, and let us go up to the mountain of Jehovah, to the house of the God of Jacob [Israel]; and he will instruct us about his ways, and we will walk in his paths.’ For out of Zion law will go forth, and the word of Jehovah out of Jerusalem. And he will certainly render judgment among the nations and set matters straight respecting many peoples. And they will have to beat their swords into plowshares and their spears into pruning shears. Nation will not lift up sword against nation, neither will they learn war anymore. O men of the house of Jacob, come and let us walk in the light of Jehovah.”—Isaiah 2:1-5.
5. In the face of the Republic of Israel’s course of action, from what standpoint must Isaiah’s prophecy concerning “the house of Jehovah” be viewed?
5 Today we do not see this wonderful prophecy fulfilled in Middle Eastern Jerusalem, the capital of the Republic of Israel. On what used to be called Mount Zion, we see no temple of Jehovah but, rather, the Muhammadan Dome of the Rock and a mosque dedicated to Allah. Tourists from many nations visit this religious site, not for the purpose of worship, but merely to inspect this beautiful Islamic structure. Undeniably, then, now in “the final part of the days” of this mortally sick system of things, Isaiah’s prophecy is not being fulfilled at all in the case of the modern state of Israel. It is not meant to be the “all Israel” that is saved for the blessing of all mankind, in fulfillment of Jehovah’s promise to Abraham. Hence, the prophetic expression “the mountain of the house of Jehovah” has to be viewed from a spiritual standpoint with regard to “the Israel of God.”—Galatians 6:16.
6. (a) How did Peter show what kind of nation “the Israel of God” is? (b) During what world development did “all the nations” begin to stream up to “the house of Jehovah”?
6 This “Israel of God” is a spiritual nation, even as the apostle Peter indicated in writing: “You are ‘a chosen race, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, a people for special possession, that you should declare abroad the excellencies’ of the one that called you out of darkness into his wonderful light.” (1 Peter 2:9) The present-day remnant of this “holy nation” stands as a symbol of the “house of Jehovah” and makes up the nucleus of Jehovah’s Witnesses today. It was 21 years into “the final part of the days”—when Roman Catholic fascism and Hitlerian Nazism were raging in Europe—when “all the nations” started to stream toward the spiritual “house of Jehovah” that had been lifted up above the top of the mountains, as it were, by Jehovah’s Witnesses.
7. Why was it no insignificant affair when the nations started streaming up to “the house of Jehovah”?
7 This significant start was marked by a general convention in the late spring of 1935 at Washington, D.C., the capital city of the United States of America. During a very noteworthy talk at that convention, a member of “all Israel”—J. F. Rutherford, then president of the Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society—corrected a misunderstanding that had obtained among the International Bible Students. He pointed out that the “great multitude,” or “great crowd,” to be gathered out of all sections of mankind and that was to worship God at His spiritual temple (inasmuch as the material temple in Jerusalem had been destroyed by the Romans in 70 C.E.) was to be an earthly class. (Revelation 7:9-17, Authorized Version) This class had the prospect of surviving Har–Magedon and entering the new system of things during the approaching Thousand Year Reign of Jesus Christ, who has been ruling in the heavens since 1914.
8. (a) What epoch-making event took place at the Washington, D.C., convention in 1935? (b) Why may it be said that “all the nations” are streaming up to “the house of Jehovah”?
8 The response to this revealed light was epoch making. At that dramatic assembly, 840 conventioners got baptized in symbol of their dedication to Jehovah God through Jesus Christ. How many nations were represented in that group was not ascertained, but they had in mind an earthly paradise hope. Today, more than 49 years later, Jehovah’s Witnesses number far in excess of “all Israel.” They are active in 205 lands around the globe. In broad terms, then, “all the nations” are streaming toward Jehovah’s exalted house of worship.
Jehovah’s Witnesses—People of What Sort?
9. Unlike the Republic of Israel, Jehovah’s Witnesses have taken what course in fulfillment of Isaiah 2:4?
9 Against the background of the Republic of Israel, what sort of people do we find that Jehovah’s Witnesses are today? Like that republic, are they armed to carry on carnal warfare against those who threaten their existence? No! Instead, they are exactly the kind of people foretold at Isaiah 2:4. Because they elevate the worship of Jehovah at the spiritual house of God, they have in a figurative way beaten swords into plowshares and spears into pruning shears. They trust in Jehovah God as their Protector as they imitate their Leader, Jesus Christ. Although they have come from practically all nations of the earth, they do not let nationalistic animosities control them; nor do they meddle in worldly politics. In a real sense, they have ceased to learn the art of carnal warfare. They maintain a neutral attitude toward worldly conflicts and politics. Indeed, they have ceased to use carnal weapons of defense and offense. They believe what Jesus Christ said—that his Kingdom is “no part of this world.” Otherwise, his disciples would fight for it with carnal weapons of the most advanced military type.—John 18:36.
10. (a) In what warfare alone are Jehovah’s Witnesses engaged? (b) What “new commandment” do the Witnesses obey, and how do they do so?
10 Instead, Jehovah’s Witnesses are engaged only in spiritual warfare. Their fight is against the wicked spirits in heavenly places. So their weapons are not carnal, blood spilling. (Ephesians 6:10-18) Their warfare is not against humankind, and they certainly do not fight with their spiritual brothers inside Jehovah’s organization. They obey Jesus Christ’s command to love their spiritual brothers, just as he loved us, even to the point of laying down his human life for his disciples. This conforms to the “new commandment” that Jesus gave to his followers, that they should love one another just as he loved them.—John 13:34.
11. The love displayed by Jehovah’s Witnesses fulfills what law?
11 Jehovah’s Witnesses are motivated by the kind of love that fulfills the Law given through the prophet Moses. Such love never does injury to anyone and is more than mere “charity,” according to the 20th-century sense of that term. In the Bible, the Hebrew and Greek words for “love” signify far more than mere “charity.”—See 1 Corinthians, chapter 13, King James Version; Catholic Douay Version.
For Blessing, Not for Cursing
12. Was it necessary for the full membership of “all Israel” to be in heaven before the blessing of “all nations” could start?
12 From the foregoing we can see that for the blessing of all families and nations to start by means of the “seed” of the Greater Abraham, Jehovah God, there has been no need for the remnant of “all Israel” to enter heaven and be with the Principal One of that “seed,” Jesus Christ. For almost a half century now, members of families and nations of the earth have been receiving blessings from the promised “seed” of Abraham. Already more than two and a half million “other sheep” have been gathered together to form “one flock” with the remnant of the Fine Shepherd’s spirit-begotten sheeplike followers having the heavenly hope.—John 10:16.
13. Jesus came to the temple with what in view for the “other sheep,” and how will his attitude toward them shortly be climaxed?
13 The blessed “other sheep” have been favored with the hope of inheriting, right from its start, the Paradise restored to the earth during the Millennial Reign of Christ the King. So when Jesus Christ, as Jehovah’s “messenger of the covenant,” came to the spiritual temple for judgment proceedings, he came with the blessing, not the cursing, of the “other sheep” in view. (Malachi 3:1-3) This blessing will be climaxed by their being preserved through the approaching “war of the great day of God the Almighty” against his earthly enemies gathered at “Har–Magedon.” (Revelation 16:14, 16) In ancient times the city of Megiddo was the location of victories for Jehovah God. (Joshua 17:11; Zechariah 12:11) At the symbolic Har–Magedon God will crown himself with his greatest victory, to his everlasting glory. There his exalted Son, Jesus Christ, will be his Field Marshal.—Revelation 19:11-21.
14. (a) Over the salvation of whom do the “other sheep” have reason to be glad? (b) The “other sheep” already number how many?
14 The “other sheep” will be safeguarded through that most spectacular demonstration of divine power and magnificence. How glad all surviving spectators of that decisive conflict will be over the fact that the remnant of “all Israel” was “saved” during the period of peace between World War I and World War II! From the spring of 1935 onward there has been added to this saved Israel the “great multitude” without specified number. As “other sheep” of the Fine Shepherd, Jesus Christ, their number now is going on to three million. They have been coming out of “all nations and tribes and peoples and tongues” of humankind, in fulfillment of the promise that Jehovah God made to the one who prefigured him, namely, his “friend” Abraham. (Revelation 7:9-17; James 2:23) And the gathering of these “other sheep” is not yet over. How many they will finally number when the Fine Shepherd has finished gathering them before the destruction of Babylon the Great and God’s war against her political paramours at Armageddon we do not know.—Revelation 17:1–18:24.
15. The association of the “other sheep” with the remnant of “all Israel” is the start of what blessedness?
15 The association of the “other sheep” with the remnant of “all Israel” in “one flock” under the Fine Shepherd, Jesus Christ, the Principal One of Abraham’s “seed,” has proved to be the start of something. Of what? It has been the start of the full blessing that “all Israel” is still to bestow upon those “other sheep” during Jesus Christ’s Millennial Reign, into which they will survive under divine protection.
16. Why are the “other sheep” determined to continue serving Jehovah at the side of the remnant of “all Israel”?
16 In fulfillment of Revelation 7:14-17, the “other sheep” already have “washed their robes and made them white in the blood of the Lamb.” That is why they are permitted to worship God “day and night in his temple,” spiritually speaking. Yes, already “the Lamb of God,” Jesus Christ, is feeding them with spiritual food so that they “hunger no more.” (John 1:29) Furthermore, their faithful Shepherd is guiding them to “fountains of waters of life,” that is, life on a Paradise earth. Grateful for all the blessings they already are receiving through the remnant of “all Israel,” the “great crowd” will continue to serve Jehovah at the side of this faithful remnant. These “other sheep” will do so in the “one flock” under the “one shepherd” in the interest of God’s Kingdom by Jesus Christ. This they are determined to do until all enemies of the Kingdom have been annihilated from the face of God’s “footstool,” the earth.—Isaiah 66:1; Matthew 5:34, 35; Acts 7:49.