2 “Hear, all you peoples!
Pay attention, O earth and what fills you,
And let the Sovereign Lord Jehovah serve as a witness against you+
—Jehovah from his holy temple.
3 For look! Jehovah is going out from his place;
He will come down and tread on earth’s high places.
And the valleys* will split apart
Like wax before the fire,
Like waters poured down a steep slope.
What is the revolt of Jacob?
Is it not Sa·marʹi·a?+
And what are the high places of Judah?+
Are they not Jerusalem?
6 I will make Sa·marʹi·a a heap of ruins of the field,
A place for planting vineyards;
I will hurl* her stones down into the valley,
And I will lay bare her foundations.
I will devastate all her idols.
For she collected them from the wages of prostitution,
And they will again become the wages of prostitutes.”
My wailing will be like that of jackals,
And my mourning like that of ostriches.
The plague has spread to the gate of my people, to Jerusalem.+
10 “Do not announce it in Gath;
You must not weep at all.
In Beth-aphʹrah* roll in the dust.
The inhabitants* of Zaʹa·nan have not come out.
There will be wailing in Beth-eʹzel, and it will take its support away from you.
But what is bad has come down from Jehovah to the gate of Jerusalem.
You were the beginning of sin to the daughter of Zion,
For in you were found the revolts of Israel.+
The houses of Achʹzib+ were something deceitful to the kings of Israel.
As far as A·dulʹlam+ the glory of Israel will come.
16 Make yourselves bald and shear off your hair for your cherished children.
Make yourselves as bald as an eagle,
For they have been taken away from you into exile.”+
2 “Woe to those who scheme what is harmful,
Who work out evil on their beds!
When morning light comes they carry it out,
Because it is in the power of their hand.+
Also houses, and they take them;
They defraud a man of his house,+
A man of his inheritance.
3 Therefore this is what Jehovah says:
They will say: “We are completely devastated!+
He caused the portion of my people to change hands—how he removes it from me!+
To the unfaithful one he assigns our fields.”
5 So you will have no one to stretch the measuring cord,
To allot the land in the congregation of Jehovah.
6 “Stop preaching!” they preach,
“They should not preach these things;
Humiliation will not overtake us!”
7 Is it being said, O house of Jacob:
“Has the spirit of Jehovah become impatient?
Are these his deeds?”
Do not my own words bring good to those walking uprightly?
8 But lately my own people have risen up as an enemy.
You openly strip off the majestic ornament with* the garment
From those passing by confidently, like those returning from war.
9 You drive the women of my people out from their delightful houses;
From their children you take away my splendor forever.
10 Get up and go, for this is no place of rest.
11 If a man walks after wind and deception and tells this lie:
“I will preach to you about wine and alcoholic drink,”
Then he would be just the preacher for this people!+
12 I will certainly gather all of you, O Jacob;
I will surely collect the remaining ones of Israel together.+
In unity I will place them, like sheep in the pen,
Like a flock in its pasture;+
It will be noisy with people.’+
13 The one breaking out will go before them;
They will break out and pass through the gate and go out by it.+
Their king will pass through before them,
With Jehovah at their head.”+
Should you not know what is just?
You tear off the skin from my people and the flesh from their bones.+
And strip off their skin,
Smashing their bones, crushing them to pieces,+
Like what is cooked in a pot,* like meat in a cooking pot.
4 At that time they will call to Jehovah for help,
But he will not answer them.
But who declare* war against him who puts nothing into their mouths:
There will only be darkness for you, no divination.
The sun will set on the prophets,
And the day will turn dark for them.+
All of them will have to cover over the mustache,*
For there is no answer from God.’”
8 As for me, I am filled with power by the spirit of Jehovah,
And with justice and might,
To tell to Jacob his revolt and to Israel his sin.
9 Hear this, please, you heads of the house of Jacob
And you commanders of the house of Israel,+
Who detest justice and who make crooked all that is straight,+
Her priests instruct for a price,+
And yet they lean on Jehovah,* saying:
“Is not Jehovah with us?+
No calamity will come upon us.”+
12 So because of you,
Zion will be plowed up as a field,
Jerusalem will become heaps of ruins,+
The mountain of the house of Jehovah+
Will become firmly established above the top of the mountains,
And it will be raised up above the hills,
And to it peoples will stream.+
2 And many nations will go and say:
“Come, let us go up to the mountain of Jehovah
And to the house of the God of Jacob.+
He will instruct us about his ways,
And we will walk in his paths.”
For law* will go out of Zion,
And the word of Jehovah out of Jerusalem.
And set matters straight* respecting mighty nations far away.
They will beat their swords into plowshares
And their spears into pruning shears.+
Nation will not lift up sword against nation,
Nor will they learn war anymore.+
And no one will make them afraid,+
For the mouth of Jehovah of armies has spoken.
5 For all the peoples will walk, each in the name of its god,
But we will walk in the name of Jehovah our God+ forever and ever.
6 “In that day,” declares Jehovah,
“I will gather the one* who was limping,
And collect together the dispersed one,+
Along with those I treated harshly.
And the one far removed a mighty nation;+
And Jehovah will rule as king over them in Mount Zion,
From now on and forever.
8 As for you, O tower of the flock,
The mound of the daughter of Zion,+
The kingdom belonging to the daughter of Jerusalem.+
9 Now why are you shouting loudly?
Have you no king,
Or has your adviser perished,
So that pain has seized you like a woman giving birth?+
10 Writhe and groan, O daughter of Zion,
Like a woman giving birth,
For now you will go from the city and reside in the field.
You will go as far as to Babylon,+
And there you will be rescued;+
There Jehovah will buy you back from the hand of your enemies.+
11 Now many nations will be gathered against you;
They will say, ‘Let her be defiled,
And let our eyes see this happen to Zion.’
12 But they do not know the thoughts of Jehovah,
They do not understand his purpose;*
For he will gather them like a row of newly cut grain to the threshing floor.
For I will change your horns into iron,
And I will change your hooves into copper,
And you will pulverize many peoples.+
You will devote their dishonest profit to Jehovah,
And their resources to the true Lord of the whole earth.”+
With a rod they strike the judge of Israel on the cheek.+
The one too little to be among the thousands* of Judah,
From you will come out for me the one to be ruler in Israel,+
Whose origin is from ancient times, from the days of long ago.
3 So he will give them up
Until the time that she who is to give birth has given birth.
And the rest of his brothers will return to the people of Israel.
In the superiority of the name of Jehovah his God.
Should the As·syrʹi·an invade our land and tread on our fortified towers,+
We will raise up against him seven shepherds, yes, eight princes* of mankind.
And the land of Nimʹrod+ at its entrances.
And he will rescue us from the As·syrʹi·an,+
When he invades our land and treads on our territory.
7 The remaining ones of Jacob will be in the midst of many peoples
Like dew from Jehovah,
Like showers of rain on vegetation
That do not put hope in man
Or wait for the sons of men.
8 The remaining ones of Jacob will be among the nations,
In the midst of many peoples,
Like a lion among the beasts of a forest,
Like a young lion* among flocks of sheep,
That passes through and pounces and tears in pieces;
And there is no one to rescue them.
9 Your hand will be raised over your adversaries,
And all your enemies will be destroyed.”
10 “In that day,” declares Jehovah,
“I will do away with your horses from your midst and destroy your chariots.
11 I will destroy the cities of your land
And tear down all your fortified places.
And no one practicing magic will remain among you.+
13 I will destroy your graven images and your pillars from your midst,
And you will no longer bow down to the work of your hands.+
15 In anger and wrath I will execute vengeance
On the nations that have not obeyed.”
6 Hear, please, what Jehovah is saying.
Get up, present a legal case before the mountains,
And may the hills hear your voice.+
2 Hear, O mountains, the legal case of Jehovah,
You firm foundations of the earth,+
For Jehovah has a legal case with his people;
It is against Israel that he will argue:+
3 “My people, what have I done to you?
How have I tired you out?+
Testify against me.
From the house of slavery I redeemed you;+
I sent before you Moses, Aaron, and Mirʹi·am.+
And what Baʹlaam the son of Beʹor answered him+
So that you may know the righteous acts of Jehovah.”
6 With what will I come before Jehovah?
With what will I bow before God on high?
Will I come before him with whole burnt offerings,
With year-old calves?+
8 He has told you, O man, what is good.
And what is Jehovah requiring* of you?
9 The voice of Jehovah calls out to the city;
Those with practical wisdom will fear your name.
Pay attention to the rod and to the one who appointed it.+
10 Are there still the treasures of wickedness in the house of the wicked
And the incomplete eʹphah measure* that is detestable?
12 For her rich men are full of violence,
And her inhabitants speak lies;+
Their tongue is deceitful in their mouth.+
What you remove, you will not carry off safely,
And what you do carry off, I will give to the sword.
15 You will sow seed, but you will not reap.
You will tread olives, but you will not use the oil;
And you will make new wine, but you will drink no wine.+
And you walk in accord with their advice.
That is why I will make you an object of horror
And her inhabitants something to be whistled at;+
And you will bear the scorn of the peoples.”+
7 Woe to me! I am like one who,
After the gathering of summer fruit
And the gleaning following a grape harvest,
Finds no cluster of grapes to eat,
No early fig that I crave.*
All of them lie in ambush for bloodshed.+
Each hunts his own brother with a dragnet.
The prince is making demands,
The judge asks for a reward,+
And they work it out together.*
4 Their best one is like thorns,
Their most upright one is worse than a thorn hedge.
The day of your watchmen and of your reckoning will come.+
Now they will panic.+
Guard what you say to the one who lies in your embrace.
6 For a son despises his father,
A daughter rises up against her mother,+
And a daughter-in-law is against her mother-in-law;+
A man’s enemies are the men of his household.+
My God will hear me.+
Although I have fallen, I will rise up;
Although I dwell in the darkness, Jehovah will be my light.
9 The wrath of Jehovah I will bear
—For I have sinned against him+—
Until he pleads my legal case and brings about justice for me.
He will bring me out to the light;
I will look upon his righteousness.
10 My enemy will also see,
And shame will cover her who said to me:
“Where is Jehovah your God?”+
My eyes will look upon her.
Now she will be trampled like mud in the streets.
12 On that day they will come to you
All the way from As·syrʹi·a and the cities of Egypt,
From Egypt all the way to the River;*
From sea to sea and from mountain to mountain.+
13 And the land will become desolate because of its inhabitants,
As a result of what they have done.*
The one who was living alone in a forest—in the midst of an orchard.
Let them feed on Baʹshan and Gilʹe·ad+ as in the days of old.
They will put their hand over their mouth;
Their ears will become deaf.
Like the reptiles of the earth they will come trembling out of their strongholds.
To Jehovah our God they will come in dread,
And they will be in fear of you.”+
18 Who is a God like you,
He will not hold onto his anger forever,
For he delights in loyal love.+
You will throw all their sins into the depths of the sea.+
20 You will show faithfulness to Jacob,
Loyal love to Abraham,
As you swore to our forefathers from the days of old.+
A shortened form of Michael or Micaiah, meaning “Who Is Like Jehovah?”
Or “low plains.”
Or “all the wages of her prostitution.”
Or “In the house of Aphrah.”
Lit., “you will not remove your necks.”
Or possibly, “from.”
Or “wide-mouthed cooking pot.”
Or possibly, “when they have something to chew.”
Or “cover their mouths.”
Or “they claim to lean on Jehovah.”
Or “the temple mount.”
Or “like a wooded ridge.”
Or “In the last days.”
Or “correct matters.”
Or “a maned young lion.”
Lit., “from your hand.”
Or “for the sin of my soul?”
Or “asking back.”
Or “to be just; to be fair.”
Or “to be kind and loyal in your love.” Lit., “to love loyal love.”
See App. B14.
Or “be innocent.”
Or “my soul craves.”
Or “the craving of his soul.”
Lit., “they weave it together.”
Or “I will wait patiently.”
In Hebrew, the word for “enemy” is in the feminine gender.
Or possibly, “the decree will be far away.”
That is, the Euphrates.
Lit., “Because of the fruitage of their deeds.”
Or “tread down; subdue.”